What are the key aspects of the right to freedom guaranteed by the Indian Constitution, and how do they ensure the protection of individual liberties for Indian citizens?
Answer by Student
Key aspects of the right to freedom guaranteed by the Indian Constitution are:
- Freedom of speech and expression : This aspect of the right to freedom ensures the protection of individual liberties for Indian citizens by allowing them to freely express their ideas, thoughts, and opinions. It fosters a democratic environment where individuals can voice their dissent, criticize the government or activities of associations, and engage in meaningful conversations.
- Right to hold meetings, processions, rallies, and demonstrations : This aspect of the right to freedom empowers citizens to gather and engage in peaceful assemblies to discuss issues, exchange ideas, and mobilize public support. It provides a platform for individuals to voice their concerns, advocate for their rights, and raise awareness about various social, political, or environmental issues. By enabling such collective actions, this right ensures that citizens have the means to actively participate in the democratic process, challenge unjust policies, and bring about positive change in society.
- Freedom to travel to any part of the country: The right to freedom of movement within the country ensures the protection of individual liberties for Indian citizens. It grants citizens the freedom to travel, reside, and settle in any part of India without restrictions. This freedom enables individuals to explore opportunities, seek better livelihoods, and pursue personal aspirations regardless of their place of birth or initial connections.By upholding this right, the Constitution recognizes that every citizen should have the freedom to choose where they live and work, contributing to a sense of inclusivity, unity, and equal opportunities for all.
- Safeguards against deprivation of life and personal liberty: The provision in the Constitution stating that no person can be deprived of their life or personal liberty except according to the established legal procedure serves as a crucial protection of individual liberties for Indian citizens.It means that no person can be killed unless the court has ordered a death sentence. It also means that a government or police officer cannot arrest or detain any citizen unless he has proper legal justification. Even when they do, they have to follow some procedures:
- A person who is arrested and detained in custody will have to be informed of the reasons for such arrest and detention.
- A person who is arrested and detained shall be produced before the nearest magistrate within a period of 24 hours of arrest.
- Such a person has the right to consult a lawyer or engage a lawyer for his defence
*Write any three points