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  • Porifera means organs with holes. So, there are holes or ‘pores’ on the body of these organisms. Body pores are called “Ostia”.
  • The ‘Ostia’ opens into a canal system having canals and chambers. The canal system is a filter-feeding system of sponges. It helps in circulating water throughout the body to bring food, water and oxygen.
  • All the animals are sessile (fixed in one place).
  • They have a cellular level of classification.
  • They are mostly found in marine water. Only a few are found in freshwater.
  • The nutrition is holozoic.

For example: Euplectella,  Sycon, Spongilla

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Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 12 years and a teacher from the past 16 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo