Diversity means the uniqueness of individuals among the living organisms
Biodiversity means to the variety of life forms found in a particular region.
It means the variability among living organisms from all sources including terrestrial, aquatic and other ecosystem.
Importance of Biodiversity:
Ecological life support
Biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
Every species has a specific role in an ecosystem. They capture and store energy and also produce and decompose organic matter . The ecosystem supports the services without which humans cannot survive. A diverse ecosystem is more productive and can withstand environmental stress.
Biodiversity is a reservoir of resources for the manufacture of food, cosmetic products and pharmaceuticals.
- Crops livestock, fishery, and forests are a rich sources of food.
- Wild plants such as Cinchona and Foxglove plant are used for medicinal purposes.
- Wood, fibres, perfumes, lubricants, rubber, resins, poison and cork are all derived from different plant species.
The national parks and sanctuaries are a source of tourism. They are a source of beauty and joy for many people.
All species have a right to exist. Humans should not cause their voluntary extinction. Biodiversity preserves different cultures and spiritual heritage.
Therefore, it is very important to conserve biodiversity.