It is a method of farming where crops are grown without the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides

Organic Farming helps to restore, maintain and enhance the ecological balance

Food produced using Organic Farming is called Organic Food.

What is Organic Farming,Difference with Conventional Farming - Teachoo.JPG

Farmers need Credit for Expenses in Gestation Period - Teachoo.JPG

Problem with Using Fertilizers  in Conventional Farming - Teachoo.JPG




Problems with Conventional Agriculture

Conventional Agriculture relies heavily on chemical fertilizers and pesticides

These harmful chemicals enter food supply and penetrate water sources


Harmul Effects

This harms the livestock

This deplete the soil (reduce its fertility)

These devestate natural ecosystems

Problem with Using Pesticides in Conventional Farming - Teachoo.JPG

Benefits of Organic Farming

1. Cheaper inputs

Farmers do not need to use expensive High yielding Variety seeds and fertilizers/pesticides

They can replace it with cheaper inputs like organic manure


2. Export Income

There is high demand for Organic food all over world

Hence, these could be exported to increase Farmers income


3. More Employment Opportunities

Organic Farming requires more labour as compared to conventional farming

Hence, they provide more job opportunites to labour


4. Environment Friendly

Organic Farming helps to restore,maintain and enhance the ecological balance


5. Healthy Food

Food produced is pesticide free and more healthy

Advantages of Conventional Farming are Disadvantages of Organic Farming - Teachoo.JPG

Disadvantages of Conventional Farming are Advantages of Organic Farming -Whch is better - Teachoo.JPG

What are Challenges/issued faced in Organic Farming?


1. Lack of Awareness among Farmers

Many Farmers are not aware about the benefits of Organic farming

They are not willing to change and adapt themselves to Organic farming


2. Inadequate Infrastructure

Farmers do not have adequate infrastructure to grow and sell their produce


3. Problem of Marketing

Farmers do not know how to maket and sell their organic Produce


4. Lower Yield

In initial years of use, yield from organic farming is less as compared to modern farming


5. Shorter Shelf Life

Organically grown food has a shorter shelf life.

It gets damaged faster as compared to food grown by conventional methods


6. Less choice of Off season Crops

In off season, farmers grow other crops like pulses

However, if organic farming is used, there are less choices

Problem of Lack of Awareness in Organic Farming - Teachoo.JPG

Problem of Lack of Infrastruture in Organic Farming - Teachoo.JPG

Problem of Marketing of organic goods in Organic Farming - Teachoo.JPG

Problem of Low yield in Initial Years  in Organic Farming - Teachoo.JPG

Problem of Short Shelf life in Organic Farming - Teachoo.JPG

Problem of Low Demand in Organic Farming - Teachoo.JPG

Problemsin Orgaic Farign and their Solutions - Teachoo.JPG



Difference between Conventional Agriculture and Organic Farming

Conventional Farming Organic Farming
Crops are grown without using  Fertilizers and Pesticides Crops are grown without using harmful pesticides and chemicals
It is mostly used process  Farmers are less aware about this process
Food grown is less healthy Food grown is more healthy
It has higher yield It has lower yield in initial years
Food grown has less shelf life Food grown has more shelf life
This method of farming is harmful to ecosystem This method is more eco friendly


NCERT Questions

Question 15

What is organic farming and how does it promote sustainable development?

View Answer


Question 16

Identify the benefits and limitations of organic farming.

View Answer


Question 17

Enlist some problems faced by farmers during the initial years of organic farming.

View Answer


MCQ Other Books

Question 1

In the following questions, select the correct answers:

Organic Farming is beneficial because:

  1. It generates income through international exports
  2. It makes use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides
  3. It is produced in an environmentally sustainable way
  4. All of these
View Answer


Question 2

Which of these is not a benefit of organic farming?

  1. Cheaper Inputs
  2. Attractive returns on investment
  3. Greater import possiblities
  4. Higher nutritional value
View Answer


Question 3

Read the following hypothetical case study carefully and answer the questions follow on the basis of the same.

Since ages, farmers in India have taken recourse to debt.

In the earlier times the same was from informal sources.

Since independence with the efforts of the government, formal sector has actively come into picture.

Farmers borrow not only to meet their investment needs but also to satisfy their personal needs.

Uncertainty of income caused by factors likes crop failure caused by irregular rainfall, reduction in ground water table, locust/other pest attack, etc.

These reasons push them into the clutches of the private money lenders, who charge exorbitant rates of interest which add to their miseries.

Various governments in India, at different times for different reasons, introduced debt relief/waiver schemes.

These schemes are used by governments as a quick means to extricate farmers from their indebtedness, helping to restore their capacity to invest and produce, in short to lessen the miseries of the farmers across India.

The costs and benefits of such debt relief schemes are, however, a widely debated topic among economists.

Some economists argue that such schemes are extremely beneficial to the poor and marginalised farmers while others argue that these schemes add to the fiscal burden of the government, others believe that these schemes may develop the expectation of repeated bailouts among farmers which may spoil the credit culture among farmers.


Question 4

Uncertainty of income for farmers in India is majorly caused by ________________.

  1. Irregular rainfall
  2. Unavailability of loans
  3. locust/other pest attack
  4. All of the above
View Answer


Question 2

Some economists argue that debt waiver schemes are extremely beneficial to the poor and marginalised farmers, as these schemes reduce the burden of ________________.

  1. Indebtedness
  2. Personal Expenditure
  3. Crop failure
  4. None of the above
View Answer


Question 3

The rural banking structure in India consists of a set of multi-agency institutions _____________ is expected to dispense credit at cheaper rates for agricultural purposes to farmers.

  1. Regional Rural Banks
  2. Small Industries Development Bank of India
  3. Both (A) and (B)
  4. None of the above
View Answer


Question 4

_________ is the most prominent body responsible for providing loans for long term land development.

  1. Regional Rural Banks
  2. Land Development Banks
  3. Both (A) and (B)
  4. None of the above
View Answer

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What is Organic Farming Conventional Farming Crops are Grown using chemicals like Fertilizers Pesticides These are man made Chemicals which are harmful to body & environment Organic Farming Crops are Grown using natural methods like Manures Organic Pesticides Plant and Animal Waste Bacteria, Neem Oil These are Natural Substances which do not damage the environment Problem with Conventional Farming In Conventional Farming, We use chemicals like Fertilizers and Pesticides Fertilizers Use Put in Soil Provides Nutrients Problems with Fertilizers Fertilizers reduce natural nutrients in soil Fertilizers Make Soil Acidic Crops cant grow in acidic soil Pesticides Use Sprayed on Crops to kills Pests Problems with Pesticides Crops eaten by us Chemicals enter our body, cause diseases Crops eaten by Animals Chemicals damage their body, damages livestock During Rain, Chemicals flow into Rivers Fishes die, damages Ecosystem Which is Better-Conventional or Organic Farming? Conventional Farming Advantages Higher Yield (Crop Production) Food produced Cheaper Higher Shelf life Disadvantages Food produced Not healthy Causes Soil Erosion Harms Livestock Damages Ecosystem High cost of Fertilizer/Pesticides Organic Farming Disadvantage Lower Yield in initial Years Food is Expensive to Customer Lower Shelf life Advantages Healthy Food produced Doesn’t Reduce Soil Fertility Does not harm livestock Does not damage Ecosystem Cheaper Inputs (Savings in cost) Challenges/Problems in Organic Farming In India Lack of Awareness Lack of Infrastructure Problem of Marketing Lower Yield in Initial Years Shorter Shelf life Low Demand Farmers do not have awareness About Benefits of Organic Farming Farmers do not have knowledge of how to do Organic Farming Farmers do not know how to sell Their Organic produce There is less produce per area as compared to Conventional Farming Organic Products get damaged faster as compared to Conventional Farming There is less demand for Organic Products because customers do not know about benefits of using them What should Government do to promote Organic Farming Problems faced by Farmers Lack of Awareness Lack of Infrastructure Problem of Marketing Lower Yield in Initial Years Shorter Shelf life Low Demand What Govt should do Spread Awareness (About benefits of organic Farming) Build Infrastructure (Govt should make available Manures and Natural Pesticides) Govt should Develop Market for Organic Crops and encourage direct selling to customers Govt should educate farmers that yield will increase later Develop Storage Facilities Govt should develop storage facilities so that crop doesn’t get damaged Govt should encourage exports and Spread Awareness among Indian customers about benefits of Organic Farming

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Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 13 years and a teacher from the past 17 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo