Where are Fish grown in India

Fish is grown both inland as well as in Marine Sector as shown below

Share of inland and Marine Fish Production in india - Teachoo.JPG

Why do Farmers call Waterbody their Mother or Provider?

It is because:

It is their source of livelihood

It also provides them food and nutrition

Why do Farmers call Waterbody their Mother or Provider - Teachoo.JPG

What is Total Contribution to GDP OF Fish Production?

It is 0.9% of Total GDP

 

 

Which are major fish producing states?

Coastal areas like:

West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Kerela, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu

Fish contriution COntribution to GDP Different states - Teachoo.JPG

What is Role of Women in Fishery Sector?

Women are not directly involved in active fishing

However, they contribute

60% of workforce in export marketing

 

40% of workforce in domestic marketing

Role of Women in Fishing Sector In India - Teachoo.JPG

 

What Problems are Faced by Fishing Sector in India?

1. Underemployment

More people are working in Fishing sector than required

2. Low Per Capita Earnings

Income is earned by whole family from a single source, so per capita income is low

3. High Rate of Illiteracy

Fisherman are illiterate and do not have access to knowledge to increase theor productivity

4. Absence of Mobility of Labour to Other Sectors

People working in fishery sector always work close to water and hence are unavailable for jobs

far away from sea

5. Indebtedness

Many Farmers owe money to moneylenders

These moneylenders charge high rate of interest and take advantage of their condition

Problem of Under Employment Faced by Fishing Sector in India - Teachoo.JPG ' Problem of Low Per Capita Earning Faced by Fishing Sector in India - Teachoo.JPG

Problem of illiteracy in Fishing Sector in India - Teachoo.JPG

Problems-of lack of Mobility by Fishing Sector in India - Teachoo.JPG

Problem of Indebtedness faced by Fishing Sector in India - Teachoo.JPG

Summary-Problems Faced by Fishing Sector in India - Teachoo.JPG

What measures should be taken by Govt for Fishey Sector?

Increase Credit Facility

Farmers need funds for their working capital needs (for their day to day operations)

These can be provided by Cooperative Societies and SHG (Self Help Group)

 

Welfare Programs

Welfare programs for fishing community required

These can provide long term gains and sustainence of livelihood

 

Technology Improvement

Research on new technology which can increase fish produce

 

Information Dissemination

Information regarding new fishing practices needed to be informed to fishing community

Measure 1 Govt Increased Credit Facility for Fishing Sector - Teachoo.JPG

Measure 2 Govt Introduced Welfare programs for Fishing Sector - Teachoo.JPG Measure 3 Govt Improved Technology for Fishing Sector - Teachoo.JPG Measure 4 Govt provided Information to Fishing Sector through Improved Technology - Teachoo.JPG

SUMMARY Measures taken by Government for Fishery Sector - Teachoo.JPG

MCQ Other Books

Question 1

In the following questions, select the correct answers:

Problems faced in fishing sector include:

  1. High Rate of Illiteracy
  2. Underemployment
  3. Absence of Mobility of Labour to Other Sectors
  4. High per capital earnings
View Answer

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Transcript

Fish Production In India Inland Fish Production It means Fish grown in Lakes, Ponds , Rivers It Contributes 65% of Total Fish Production Marine Fish production It means Fish Caught in Seas, Oceans It Contributes 35% of Total Fish Production Why do Farmers call Waterbody their Mother or Provider? MOTHER Mother provides food to child OCEAN MOTHER Ocean Mother provides food to fisherman and source of livelihood In Which Parts of India is Fish Production more? It is more in coastal states (which are near to sea) COASTAL STATES OF INDIA Fish production more in coastal areas which are near to Sea like: West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Kerela, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu Contribution to GDP 0.9% of Total GDP Role of Women in Fishing Sector In India Men Catch Fish Women Sell Them Role of Women Women are not directly involved in active fishing However, they contribute 60% of workforce in export marketing and 40% of workforce in domestic marketing Problems Faced by Fishing Sector in India Underemployment Whole family working in fishing More labour engaged than what is required Low per Capita Earning This is very less due to all family members engaged in fishing) Example-Suppose a fishing family of 5 people earn Rs 10000,Per Capita Income =10000/5=2000 which is very less Illiteracy Famers are illiterate and do not have knowledge how to increase productivity Lack of Mobility Fisherman Should always be close to sea They can't go to other areas for work Indebtedness Fisherman Take loan form moneylenders Who charge High rate of interest Measures taken by Government for Fishery Sector Increase Credit Facility Loan to fish community From Banks, Self help groups, Cooperative Society Welfare Programs These Improve Livelihood of People and Promote literacy Technology Improvement This Increase fish produce and farmer income .Example Cage Culture Fishery Information Dissemination Information about New Fishing Practices can be provided through Mobile App

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Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 13 years and a teacher from the past 17 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo