Check sibling questions

What is Mixed Crop Livestock Farming System?

It is a type of farming which involves both

growing of crops


Raising livestock



This type of livestock is most common in India

Here Farmers grow crops in farmlands as well as keep livestock like cows,buffaloes at their homes

They earn income from both sources - Crops and livestock

What is Mixed Crop Livestock Farming System - Teachoo.JPG


What is Animal Husbandry?

Animal Husbandry is a branch of agriculture which is concerned with feeding,shelter,health and breeding of Domestic Animals

These animals are raised for meat, milk, eggs for other products

It Includes the following:

Proper Feeding of Animals (Giving them proper food)

Proper Shelter of Animals (Giving Them Place to Live)

Preventing and Curing Animal Disease (Giving Them Vaccinations)

Proper Breeding of Animals (Helping them Reproduce)

What is Animal Husbandry - Teachoo.JPG


What is Distribution of Iivestock in India?

Poultry (Hens/Chicken) are main livestock:

Poultry 58%

Cattles and Buffaloes 24%

Sheeps and Goats 16%

Pigs 1%

Others 1%


Distribution of Livestock in India - Teachoo.JPG

What are Benefits of Animal Husbandry - Teachoo.JPG

What is Operation Flood?

It Is World's Largest Dairy Development program which was launched in 1970

It is also called Milk Revolution

It transformed India from a milk deficient nation to one of largest producers of milk


Key Points

It is a system by which all farmers can pool their milk according to different grading

This milk is processed and marketed by cooperative societies to urban centers (towns and cities)

This system was initially started in Gujarat

Now it is followed by many states like UP, MP, AP, Punjab and Rajasthan

Due to this Operation Flood, Milk Production has increased 10 times between 1951-2016


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What is Mixed Crop Livestock Farming System? Farmer Earns Income from 2 Sources Growing Crops Raising Livestock This is called Mixed Crop Livestock Farming System This is also called Animal Husbandry What is Animal Husbandry? It is a branch of Agriculture dealing with feeding, shelter, health and breeding of domestic animals Animal Husbandry Includes the following: Feeding of Animals Proper Shelter to Animals Preventing and Curing Animal Disease Proper Breeding of Animals (Reproduction) Distribution of Livestock in India Major Animals Reared in India Poultry Cattles and Buffaloes Sheep and Goats Pigs Others(Camel) For Chicken, Eggs For Milk, Transport, Fuel For Wool, Mutton For Meat (Pork) For Transport What are Benefits of Animal Husbandry? Food Security Meat, Chicken can be used for Food in case of Drought or bad crop Source of livelihood Farmers sell Milk of Cow, Buffaloes in market And earn income Nutrition Egg, Milk provides Nutrition to Farmers and their children Transport Cows, Camels used for Transport of goods/passengers Fuel Cow dung is burnt and used as fuel for cooking

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