What is Mixed Crop Livestock Farming System?
It is a type of farming which involves both
growing of crops
This type of livestock is most common in India
Here Farmers grow crops in farmlands as well as keep livestock like cows,buffaloes at their homes
They earn income from both sources - Crops and livestock
What is Animal Husbandry?
Animal Husbandry is a branch of agriculture which is concerned with feeding,shelter,health and breeding of Domestic Animals
These animals are raised for meat, milk, eggs for other products
It Includes the following:
Proper Feeding of Animals (Giving them proper food)
Proper Shelter of Animals (Giving Them Place to Live)
Preventing and Curing Animal Disease (Giving Them Vaccinations)
Proper Breeding of Animals (Helping them Reproduce)
What is Distribution of Iivestock in India?
Poultry (Hens/Chicken) are main livestock:
Cattles and Buffaloes 24%
Sheeps and Goats 16%
What is Operation Flood?
It Is World's Largest Dairy Development program which was launched in 1970
It is also called Milk Revolution
It transformed India from a milk deficient nation to one of largest producers of milk
It is a system by which all farmers can pool their milk according to different grading
This milk is processed and marketed by cooperative societies to urban centers (towns and cities)
This system was initially started in Gujarat
Now it is followed by many states like UP, MP, AP, Punjab and Rajasthan
Due to this Operation Flood, Milk Production has increased 10 times between 1951-2016