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Property

SOLIDS

LIQUIDS

GASES

Rigidity

Solids are rigid

Liquids are not so rigid

Gases are not at all rigid

Particle arrangement

The particles are closely bound

The particles are not closely bound

The particles are further apart as compared to solids and liquids

Shape

Solids have a definite shape

Liquids take the shape of the container they are poured in

Gases take the shape of the space they occupy

Volume

They have a definite volume

They also have a definite volume

They do not have a definite volume

Compressibility

Particles cannot be compressed easily

Particles can be compressed but not as easily as gases

Particles can be compressed easily

Space occupied

The occupy space with respect to their size

They do not fill the container completely due to relatively high density and close proximity of particles

They fill the entire space they are enclosed in

Kinetic energy

Solids have low kinetic energy

Liquids have intermediate kinetic energy

Gases possess high kinetic energy

Fluidity

Solids cannot flow

Liquids can flow easily

Gases flow easily

Diffusion rate

The diffusion rate is very low

Liquids possess moderate diffusion are

The diffusion rate in the very high

Examples

Eg. Salt, Iron, Brick

Eg. Water, Milk, Honey

Eg. Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen

 

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CA Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 12 years and a teacher from the past 16 years. He teaches Science, Accounts and English at Teachoo