SOLIDS

LIQUIDS

GASES

Solids are rigid

Liquids are not so rigid

Gases are not at all rigid

The particles are closely bound

The particles are not closely bound

The particles are further apart as compared to solids and liquids

Solids have a definite shape

Liquids take the shape of the container they are poured in

Gases take the shape of the space they occupy

They have a definite volume

They also have a definite volume

They do not have a definite volume

Particles cannot be compressed easily

Particles can be compressed but not as easily as gases

Particles can be compressed easily

The occupy space with respect to their size

They do not fill the container completely due to relatively high density and close proximity of particles

They fill the entire space they are enclosed in

Solids have low kinetic energy

Liquids have intermediate kinetic energy

Gases possess high kinetic energy

Solids cannot flow

Liquids can flow easily

Gases flow easily

The diffusion rate is very low

Liquids possess moderate diffusion are

The diffusion rate in the very high

Eg. Salt, Iron, Brick

Eg. Water, Milk, Honey

Eg. Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen

  1. Class 9
  2. Chapter 1 Class 9 - Matter In Our Surroundings

About the Author

Davneet Singh's photo - Teacher, Computer Engineer, Marketer
Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.