What is Matter?

Anything which has mass and occupies space is called matter


  • All living things like plants, animals, human beings can be called matter because they have mass and occupy space
  • All non-living things like water, oxygen, hydrogen can also be called matter because they also have mass and occupy space

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What cannot be called Matter

Abstract things like love, hatred, friendship etc cannot be called matter

This is because they do not have mass and do not occupy space

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Ancient and Modern Philosophy of Matter

As per Ancient philosophy of matter

  • Matter is classified into 5 elements - Air, Earth, Fire, Sky and Water


As per Modern philosophy of Matter

  • Matter is classified on the basis of
    • Physical Properties of Matter
    • Chemical Properties of Matter

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What will we study in this chapter?

In this chapter, we will study Physical Properties of Matter

In the next chapter, we will study Chemical Properties of Matter





  1. Class 9
  2. Chapter 1 Class 9 - Matter In Our Surroundings (Deleted)

About the Author

CA Maninder Singh's photo - Founder at Teachoo
CA Maninder Singh
CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 11 years and a teacher from the past 11 years. He teaches Science, Accounts and English at Teachoo