What is Diffusion?

Spreading out and Mixing of

One Substance with other is called Diffusion

It happens in all forms of matter-Solids, Liquids and Gases

It is fastest in gases and slowest in solids


Examples of Diffusion in Gases

 

Example 1

We take 2 gas jars, one contains brown coloured bromine gas and other containing air (which is colourless)

Now we invert gas jar containing bromine gas over gas jar containing air

After some time, we observe both gas jar become brown in color

This is because of diffusion (spreading out or mixing) bromine gas in air

 

Example 2

The smell of cooked food reaches our nose because of the diffusion of food gas in the air

 

Example 3

The smell of perfume/incense stick (agarbatti) reaches us because of diffusion of perfume gas in the air


Examples of Diffusion of Liquids

 

Example 1

If a drop of ink is put in a jar of water, the colour soon spreads to the whole of the jar

This is due to the diffusion of ink particles in water


Example 2

If a crystal of potassium permanganate is put in a jar of water

Then whole water soon turns into a purple colour

This is due to the diffusion of potassium permanganate in water


Example 3

Aquatic Animals used dissolved oxygen in the water to breathe

Aquatic plants use dissolved carbon dioxide in water for photosynthesis

This is due to the diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide particles in water

Examples of Diffusion in Solids

Diffusion in solids is slowest and takes a lot of time

 

Example

If we write something on the blackboard and do not erase it for a long period of time

The chalk particles get diffused with particles of blackboard

Hence we find it difficult to erase


Example 2

If 2 metal blocks are bound together and kept for a few years

Particles of both box mix with each other


Comparison - Diffusion in Solids, Liquids and Gases

Solids Liquid Gases
Diffusion is slowest in Solids Diffusion is fast compared to solids but slow compared to liquids Diffusion is fastest in gases

Diffusion of one substance into another - Teachoo.png

  1. Class 9
  2. Chapter 1 Class 9 - Matter In Our Surroundings

About the Author

Davneet Singh's photo - Teacher, Computer Engineer, Marketer
Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.