web analytics

Ex 13.2, 16 - In hostel, 60% of students read Hindi newspaper - Conditional Probability - Statement

Slide46.JPG
Slide47.JPG Slide48.JPG

  1. Chapter 13 Class 12 Probability
  2. Serial order wise
Ask Download

Transcript

Ex 13.2, 16 In a hostel, 60% of the students read Hindi news paper, 40% read English newspaper and 20% read both Hindi and English newspapers. A student is selected at random. (a) Find the Probability that she reads neither Hindi nor English newspapers. Let students reading Hindi newspaper be denoted by ‘H’ & students reading English newspaper be denoted by ‘F’ Given, P(H) = 60% = 60﷮100﷯ = 0.6 P(H) = 40% = 40﷮100﷯ = 0.4 P(H ∩ E) = 20% = 20﷮100﷯ = 0.2 A student is selected at random We need to find the Probability that she reads neither Hindi nor English newspapers. i.e. P(H’ ∩ E’) P(H’ ∩ E’) = 1 – Probability that she reads both the newspapers. = 1 – P(H ∪ E) Now, P(H ∪ E) = P(H) + P(E) – P(H ∩ E) = 0.6 + 0.4 – 0.2 = 1.0 – 0.2 = 0.8 ∴ P(H’ ∩ E’) = 1 – P(H ∪ E) = 1 – 0.8 = 0.2 = 𝟏﷮𝟓﷯ Ex 13.2, 16 In a hostel, 60% of the students read Hindi news paper, 40% read English newspaper and 20% read both Hindi and English newspapers. A student is selected at random. (b) If she reads Hindi news paper, find the Probability that she reads English newspaper. We need to find the Probability that she reads English newspaper, given she reads Hindi newspaper i.e. we need to find P(E|H) So, P(E|H) = P(E ∩ H)﷮P(H)﷯ = P(H ∩ E)﷮P(H)﷯ = 0. 2﷮0. 6﷯ = 2﷮6﷯ = 𝟏﷮𝟑﷯ Ex 13.2, 16 In a hostel, 60% of the students read Hindi news paper, 40% read English newspaper and 20% read both Hindi and English newspapers. A student is selected at random. (c) If she reads English news paper, find the Probability that she reads Hindi newspaper. We need to find the Probability that she reads Hindi newspaper, given she reads English i.e. P(H|E) Now, P(H|E) = P(H ∩ E)﷮P(E)﷯ = 0. 2﷮0. 4﷯ = 2﷮4﷯ = 𝟏﷮𝟐﷯

About the Author

Davneet Singh's photo - Teacher, Computer Engineer, Marketer
Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He provides courses for Mathematics from Class 9 to 12. You can ask questions here.
Jail