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Chapter 4 Class 12 Determinants

Serial order wise

Last updated at June 11, 2023 by Teachoo

Ex4.5, 15 If A = [■8(2&−3&5@3&2&−4@1&1&−2)], find A−1. Using A−1 solve the system of equations 2x – 3y + 5z = 11 3x + 2y – 4z = -5 x + y – 2z = -3 Writing equation as AX = B [■8(2&−3&5@3&2&−4@1&1&−2)][■8(𝑥@𝑦@𝑧)] = [■8(11@−5@−3)] Hence A = [■8(2&−3&5@3&2&−4@1&1&−2)] , X = [■8(𝑥@𝑦@𝑧)] & B = [■8(11@−5@−3)] Calculating |A| |A|= |■8(2&−3&5@3&2&−4@1&1&−2)| = 2 (−4 + 4) − 3 (6 − 5) + 1 (12 − 10) = 2(0) − 3 (1) + 1(2) = −1 So, |A|≠ 0 ∴ The system of equation is consistent & has a unique solution Now, AX = B X = A-1 B Calculating A-1 Now, A-1 = 1/(|A|) adj (A) adj A = [■8(A11&A12&A13@A21&A22&A23@A31&A32&A33)]^′ = [■8(A11&A21&A31@A12&A22&A32@A13&A23&A33)] A = [■8(1&−1&2@3&4&−5@2&−1&3)] Now, 𝐴11 = −4 + 4 = 0 𝐴12 = −[−6−(−4)] = − (−6 + 4) = −2 = 2 𝐴13 = 3 − 2 = 1 𝐴21 = (6 − 5) = −1 𝐴22 = −4 − 5 = −9 𝐴23 = [−2−(−3] = −5 𝐴31 = 12−10=2 𝐴32 = [−8−15]=23 𝐴33 = 4−(−9)=13 Thus adj A = [■8(0&−1&2@2&−9&23@1&−5&13)] Now, A-1 = 1/(|A|) adj A A-1 = 1/(−1) [■8(0&−1&2@2&−9&23@1&−5&13)] = [■8(0&1&−2@−2&9&−23@−1&5&−13)] Solving X = A-1 B [■8(𝑥@𝑦@𝑧)] = [■8(0&1&−2@2&9&−23@−1&5&−13)] [■8(11@−5@−3)] " " [■8(𝑥@𝑦@𝑧)]" = " [█(0(11)+1(−5)+(−2)(−3)@2(11)+9(−5)+(−23)(−3)@−1(11)+5(−5)+(−13)(−3))] " " [■8(𝑥@𝑦@𝑧)]" = " [█(−5+6@−22−45+69@−11−25+39)] " " [■8(𝑥@𝑦@𝑧)]" = " [■8(1@2@3)] "∴ x = 1, y = 2 and z = 3 "