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Chapter 4 Class 12 Determinants

Serial order wise

Last updated at June 11, 2023 by Teachoo

Ex 4.5, 10 Solve system of linear equations, using matrix method. 5x + 2y = 3 3x + 2y = 5 The system of equation is 5x + 2y = 3 3x + 2y = 5 Writing above equation as AX = B [■8(5&2@3&2)] [■8(𝑥@𝑦)] = [■8(3@5)] Hence A = [■8(5&2@3&2)], X = [■8(𝑥@𝑦)] & B = [■8(3@5)] Calculating |A| |A| = |■8(5&2@3&2)| = 5(2) –3(2) = 10 – 6 = 4 Since |A| ≠ 0 The System of equation is consistent & has a unique solution Now, AX = B X = A-1 B Calculating A-1 A-1 = 1/(|A|) adj (A) A =[■8(5&2@3&2)] adj A = [■8(2&−2@−3&5)] Now, A-1 = 1/(|A|) adj A A-1 = 1/4 [■8(2&−2@−3&5)] Thus, X = A-1 B [■8(𝑥@𝑦)] = 1/4 [■8(2&−2@−3&5)] [■8(3@5)] = 1/4 [■8(2(3)+(⤶7−2)5@−3(3)+5 (5))] [■8(𝑥@𝑦)] = 1/4 [■8(6−10@−9+25)] = 1/4 [■8(−4@16)] [■8(𝑥@𝑦)] = [■8(−1@4)] Hence, x = –1 & y = 4