CBSE Class 12 Sample Paper for 2024 Boards

Computer Science - Class 12
Solutions to CBSE Sample Paper - Computer Science Class 12

## d. A foreign key is an attribute whose value is derived from the primary key of another relation.

c. A candidate key that is not a primary key is a foreign key.

A key is an attribute or a set of attributes that can uniquely identify a tuple in a relation. There are different types of keys in a relational database, such as candidate key, primary key, and foreign key.

• A candidate key is a minimal set of attributes that can uniquely identify a tuple in a relation. There can be more than one candidate key for a relation, but each candidate key must be unique and irreducible.
• A primary key is one of the candidate keys that is chosen by the database designer to identify the tuples in a relation. A primary key must be unique, not null, and minimal.
• A foreign key is an attribute or a set of attributes in one relation that refers to the primary key of another relation. A foreign key establishes a link between two relations and enforces referential integrity.

Based on these definitions, we can analyze the given statements and find out which one is false.

• Statement a: Any candidate key is eligible to become a primary key. This statement is true , because any candidate key can be chosen as the primary key by the database designer, as long as it satisfies the properties of a primary key.
• Statement b: A primary key uniquely identifies the tuples in a relation. This statement is true , because this is the main purpose of a primary key.
• Statement c: A candidate key that is not a primary key is a foreign key. This statement is false , because a candidate key that is not a primary key is still a candidate key, and it does not necessarily refer to the primary key of another relation. A foreign key can be any attribute or set of attributes that matches the primary key of another relation, not just a candidate key.
• Statement d: A foreign key is an attribute whose value is derived from the primary key of another relation. This statement is true , because this is how a foreign key establishes a link between two relations.

So, the correct answer is c. A candidate key that is not a primary key is a foreign key.

Learn in your speed, with individual attention - Teachoo Maths 1-on-1 Class