It is said of “passive resistance” that it is the weapon of the weak, but the power which is the subject of this article can be used only by the strong. This power is not passive resistance; indeed, it calls for intense activity. The movement in South Africa was not passive but active …
'Satyagraha is not physical force. A satyagraha does not inflict pain on the adversary; he does not seek his destruction … In the use of satyagraha, there is no ill will. 'Satyagraha is pure soul force. Truth is the very substance of the soul. That is why this force is called satyagraha. The soul is informed with knowledge. In it burns the flame of love. … Nonviolence is the supreme dharma …' It is certain that India cannot rival Britain or Europe in force of arms. The British worship the war god and they can all of them become, as they are becoming, bearers of arms. The hundreds of millions in India can never carry arms. They have made the religion of non-violence their own …
In his famous book Hind Swaraj (1909) Mahatma Gandhi declared that British rule was established in India, with the cooperation of Indians, and had survived only because of this cooperation. If Indians refused to cooperate, British rule will collapse within a year.
What according to Mahatma Gandhi is the best weapon to use to collapse British rule in India?
Answer by Student
According to Mahatma Gandhi, the best weapon to use to collapse British rule in India is non-cooperation . He said that British rule was established in India with the cooperation of Indians and had survived only because of this cooperation. If Indians refused to cooperate , British rule would collapse within a year.
Detailed Answer by Teachoo
According to Mahatma Gandhi, the best weapon to use to collapse British rule in India is non-cooperation because:
- Non-cooperation means refusing to cooperate with the British government and its institutions. It involves withdrawing support from the courts, schools, offices, factories, railways, etc. that are run by the British.
Gandhiji argued that British rule was based on the
cooperation of Indians
who served in its administration, army, police, judiciary, education, etc. He said that if Indians withdrew their cooperation from these institutions, British rule would lose its power and authority.
Gandhiji launched the
in 1920 as a response to the Rowlatt Act and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He asked Indians to boycott foreign goods, government schools and colleges, courts and legislatures, titles and honors, etc. He also asked them to resign from government jobs, surrender their arms and licenses, and refuse to pay taxes.
- Gandhiji hoped that the Non-cooperation Movement would create pressure on the British government to grant self-government or swaraj to India. He also hoped that it would prepare Indians for mass civil disobedience in case the British did not respond positively.