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Example 5 - In OPQ, OP = 7 cm and OQ - PQ = 1 cm. - Finding ratios when sides are given

  1. Chapter 8 Class 10 Introduction to Trignometry
  2. Serial order wise
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Example 5 In Δ OPQ, right-angled at P, OP = 7 cm and OQ – PQ = 1 cm (see Fig.). Determine the values of sin Q and cos Q. In is given that in triangle OPQ, OQ – PQ = 1 cm OQ = 1 + PQ Using Pythagoras theorem (Hypotenuse)2 = (Height)2 + (Base)2 OQ2 = PQ2 + OP2 (1 + PQ)2 = PQ2 + (7)2 1 + PQ2 + 2PQ = PQ2 + 49 1 + PQ2 + 2PQ – PQ2 – 49 = 0 2PQ – 48 = 0 2PQ = 48 PQ = 48/2 PQ = 24 cm Also, OQ = 1 + PQ OQ = 1 + 24 OQ = 25 cm Now, sin Q = (𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑜𝑝𝑝𝑜𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑒 𝑡𝑜 𝑄)/𝐻𝑦𝑝𝑜𝑡𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑠𝑒 sin Q = 𝑂𝑃/𝑂𝑄 sin Q = 7/25

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