Explain the mechanism of the cleaning action of soaps.
- Since the soap molecule has two ends that are the hydrophobic and the hydrophilic end , when it dissolves in water, it forms a special orientation known as micelle .
- In this, the hydrophilic part remains on the surface of the cluster and the hydrophobic part is towards the interior .
- In the form of this micelle, soap is able to clean because the oily dirt gets collected in the middle of the micelle .
- They stay in the solution as a colloid and do not come together because of the ion-ion repulsion. Thus, the dirt suspended in the micelles is also easily rinsed away.