Explain the mechanism of the cleaning action of soaps.




  • Since the soap molecule has two ends that are the hydrophobic and the hydrophilic end , when it dissolves in water, it forms a special orientation known as micelle
  • In this, the hydrophilic part remains on the surface of the cluster and the hydrophobic part is towards the interior
  • In the form of this micelle, soap is able to clean because the oily dirt gets collected in the middle of the micelle
  • They stay in the solution as a colloid and do not come together because of the ion-ion repulsion. Thus, the dirt suspended in the micelles is also easily rinsed away.
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Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo