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Describe all the methods of vegetative propagation.



Layering method of vegetative propagation-

LAYERING - Teachoo.jpg

( Layering method of vegetative propagation)

  • It is asexual method of reproduction in which an y branch part of plant is pegged down and coveted with moist soil.
  • After some time , new roots will grow to that part of the branch.
  • This branch will be separated from the parent plant and planted separately.
  • This method is used for the propagation of lemon, guava,strawberry,jasmine etc.


Cutting methods of vegetative propagation

  • The small pieces of parts of plants like stem , leaves and roots are cut of f and then placed in moist soil for propagation .
  • The new plant formed from cutting is exactly similar to the parent plant .
  • This method is used for the propagation of sugarcane(stem), raspberry (root) Bougainvillea(stems) etc.

GRAFTING - Teachoo.jpg


  • It is a method in which stems are cut off of different plants ( one with roots and other without roots) are joined together by rubber band or tape in such a way that they form a continuous vascular bundle and grow as a single plan t.
  • The cut stem of a plant having roots is called stock(lower part of plant) and the stem of another plant without roots is called scion(upper part of plant) .
  • This method is used for the propagation of apple, peach,mango,pear etc.


Tissue culture method of vegetative method

  • The production of new plants from a small piece of plant tissue removed from the growing tips of a plant in a suitable growth medium called culture solution is called tissue culture.
  • It is a very fast technique . Thousands of plantlets can be produced in a few weeks time from a small amount of plant tissue.
  • The new plants produced by tissue culture are disease free.

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CUTTING METHOD OF VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION Parent Plant Cut at slant Cutting Rooting Hormone GRAFTING Scion Stock Graft union Wrapped & Waxed LAYERING Parental Plant New Plant Roots

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 13 years and a teacher from the past 17 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo