Although, in Rural areas majority of population live

But health care facilities are insufficient

Example

Only 1.5 of Total hospitals are in Rural Areas

Only 30% of Govt Beds are in Rural Areas

Hospitals per 1 lakh population is only 0.36 compared to 3.6 in villages

Basic Health Care Facilties like X Ray and Blood Testing are not available in Rural Areas

Specialised Medical Doctors like (Gynaecologist, Heart Specialist, neurosurgeon) prefer to work in cities or move abroad

They are not willing to go to villages

Urban Rural Divide In Healthcare - Teachoo.JPG

Urban Rural Divide In Healthcare 2 - Teachoo.JPG

Healthcare in Rural vs Urban Areas

 

Healthcare For Rich Vs Poor - Teachoo.JPG

Rich and Poor Person - Teachoo.JPG

Who Spends Higher on Health - Teachoo.JPG

Rural Areas vs Urban Areas 2 - Teachoo.jpg

Other Books

Q1

How is healthcare different in Rural areas and Urban areas?

View Answer
  1. Class 12 NCERT
  2. Indian Economic Development

Transcript

Urban Rural Divide In Healthcare RURAL AREAS They have 70% of Population But only have 1/5 of Hospitals 30% of Govt Beds Only 0.36 hospitals per 1 lakh population VS URBAN AREAS They have 30% of Population But still have 4/5 of Hospitals 70% of Govt Beds 3.6 hospitals per 1 lakh population Urban Rural Divide In Healthcare RURAL AREAS Basic Health Care facilities like Xray Blood Test not present Specialized Medical Care (Gynecologist, Heart Specialist, neurosurgeon) Not Available (They are not willing to go to villages) VS URBAN AREAS Basic Health Care facilities like Xray Blood Test easily available Specialized Medical Care (Gynecologist, Heart Specialist, neurosurgeon) Available (They prefer working in cities) Healthcare For Rich Vs Poor Rich People Higher Income Have proper Diet Maintain Proper Hygiene Less Prone to Disease Poor People Lower Income Cant Afford Nutritious Diet Do not maintain proper hygiene They fall ill easily Rich Person ill Goes to Best Private Hospitals Proper Health Infrastructure Immediate Support Has Health Insurance to cover hospital bills by Poor Person ill Goes to Govt Hospital Poor Infrastructure Long Waiting Period No Health Insurance Pays expenses from his pocket Who Spends Higher on Health? Rich Annual Income= 50 Lacs Amt Spent ON Healthcare = 1 Lac % of Income =1/50=2% Poor Annual Income= 1 Lac Amt Spent ON Healthcare = 12000 % of Income =12000/100000=12% Amount vise rich people spend more as they prefer to go to Private Hospitals But considering percentage of income Poor People spend more on Healthcare Healthcare in Rural vs Urban Areas Rural Areas Urban Areas Population 70% Population 30% Hospitals 1/5 Hospitals 4/5 Govt Hospital Beds 30% Govt Hospital Beds 70% Hospitals per 1 Lakh Population 0.36 Hospitals per 1 Lakh Population 3.6 Basic health Care Facilities (X Ray/Blood testing) Not Present Basic health Care Facilities (X Ray/Blood testing) Easily Available Specialised Medical Care (Gynaecologist, Heart Specialist, neurosurgeon) Not Available Specialised Medical Care (Gynaecologist, Heart Specialist, neurosurgeon) Available Healthcare for Rich vs Poor Rich people Poor People They take better care of health and maintain proper hygiene and sanitation Hence they are less prone to diseases They do not take care of their health They fall ill easily and catch various diseases They have access to best health infrastructure (They can go to expensive private super speciality hospitals for treatment) They do not have funds to go to private hospitals They have to depend on govt hospitals where there are already too many patients They spend only 2% of income on healthcare It is because their income is higher and they are less prone to diseases They spend only 12% of income on healthcare It is because their income is less and they are more prone to diseases They have health insurance to take care of medical expenses They do not have insurance and have to take loans for their treatment and remain indebted Rural Areas Urban Areas It constitutes for 70% of the population It constitutes for 30% of the population It make for only 1/5th of the total Hospitals of the country It make for 4/5th of the total Hospitals of the country This accounts for 30% Government Hospital Beds This accounts for 70% Government Hospital Beds Only 0.36 Hospitals per 1 Lakh Population Around 3.6 hospitals per 1 Lakh Population Basic health Care Facilities like - X Ray/Blood testing are Not Present Basic health Care Facilities like - X Ray/Blood testing are Easily available Specialised Medical Care like Gynaecologist, Heart Specialist, neurosurgeon are Not Available Specialised Medical Care like Gynaecologist, Heart Specialist, neurosurgeon are Available

About the Author

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CA Maninder Singh
CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 10 years. He also provides Accounts Tax GST Training in Delhi and Pune.