Who is Responsible for Developing Infrastructure in India?

Public Sector

Traditionally Govt was solely responsible for developing infrastructure

Example - It is responsibility of govt to make roads, bridges etc

 

Private Sector

Private Sector by itself also sometimes leads to development of infrastructure

Example - Reliance Jio was launched by Reliance, Adani Ports by Adani

 

Joint Partnership

Many projects are held in partnership with govt and private sector

Example - Many toll roads and toll plaza are made by private sector in partnership with govt

Who is Responsible for Developing Infrastructure in India - Teachoo.JPG

 

How is Infrastructure Development different for low income and high income countries?

For low Income Countries

These are mainly dependent on agriculture

Basic Infrastructure Services are more important

Example -Transport, Power, Irrigation

 

For high Income Countries

For these countries, share of agriculture sector is less

More service related infrastructure is required

Example - Better Telecommunication Infrastructure (like better internet speed)

Infrastructure in Low Income and High Income Countries - Teachoo.JPG

Is Investment in India sufficient as compared to other countries?

No

India spends only 30% of its GDP on Infrastructure

It is far less than % spending by countries like China and Indonesia

India is still lacking in basic infrastructure especially in rural areas

 

Example

Only 56% of Indian rural households have an electricity connection

85% of Rural areas use Biogas (Cow dung) for cooking

Tap water is available to only 31% of households in Rural areas

Sanitation facilities available to only 30% of population in Rural areas

Infrastructure Spending China vs India - Teachoo.JPG

 

NCERT Questions

Q5

What is the state of rural infrastructure in India?

Ans

In India, majority of the population lives in the rural areas

Despite the technical advancement, 85% of Rural areas use Biogas (Cow dung) for cooking

 

Only 56% of Indian rural households have an electricity connection

 

Tap water is available to only 31% of households in Rural areas

Sanitation facilities is available to only 30% of population in Rural areas

Infrastructure Issues in Rural India - Teachoo.JPG

 

Other Questions

Q1

Who is Responsible for Developing Infrastructure in India?

Ans

The following bodies are responsibe for developing infrastructure in India:

1 Public Sector

Traditionally Govt was solely responsible for developing infrastructure

Example - It is responsibility of govt to make roads, bridges etc

 

2 Private Sector

Private Sector by itself also sometimes leads to development of infrastructure

Example - Reliance Jio was launched by Reliance, Adani Ports by Adani

 

3 Joint Partnership

Many projects are held in partnership with govt and private sector

Example - Many toll roads and toll plaza are made by private sector in partnership with govt

  1. Class 12 NCERT
  2. Indian Economic Development

Transcript

Who is Responsible for Developing Infrastructure in India Public Sector Govt Roads Govt Railways Private Sector Internet by Reliance Jio Ports by Adani Ports Joint Partnership (Public Private Partnership) Toll Plaza L&T Hyderabad Metro Rail Project Infrastructure in Low Income and High Income Countries Low Income Countries They are less Industrialized More dependent on Agriculture Basic Infrastructure is required Example Transport, Power ,Irrigation High Income Countries They are more Industrialized More dependent on Industry and Service Sector Service Related Infrastructure is Required Example Better Telecommunication Infrastructure (like better internet speed) Infrastructure Spending China vs India China Investment in Infrastructure 44% of GDP Drinking Water Resources 96% of Population Sanitation Services 72% of Population Consumption of Energy 324 million tones of Oil Equivalent India Investment in Infrastructure 30% of GDP Drinking Water Resources 94% of Population Sanitation Services 40% of Population Consumption of Energy 809 million tones of Oil Equivalent Infrastructure Facility in India is insufficient Basic Facilities are still not provided to large chunk of Population especially in Rural Areas Infrastructure Issues in Rural India Lack of Electricity Only 56% have Electricity connection 43% still use kerosene Lack of Cooking Gas 85% still use cow dung as Bio Fuel Lack of Drinking Water Tap water available to only 31% of Households 69% Drink water from Open sources Lack of Proper Sanitation Improved Sanitation available to only 30% of Population

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CA Maninder Singh
CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 10 years. He also provides Accounts Tax GST Training in Delhi and Pune.