We know that there are 3 types of workforce

1 Self Employed

2 Regular Salaried

3 Casual Wage Labourers


Majority of workers in India are Self Employed

This is because majority of them are farmers who are working in their small farms or are small businessman

Share of Self employed is consistently declining from Independence (61%) till date (52%)

It is because people are moving away from agriculture into other sectors

High Share of Self Employed in India - Teachoo.JPG


Casualisation of Workforce

It means

Share of Casual Wage labourers is increasing

People are moving from Self employed and Regular Salaried Employment to Casual Wage Work

Main reason is People moving away from agriculture and small businesses and coming to cities to work as labour

Casualisation of Workforce - Teachoo.JPG

Advantages of Casualisation

It increases income of people

There is more flexibility


Disadvantages of Casualisation

It makes people vulnerable to income fluctuations

(No income earned in case of lockdown)

Positive and Negative Effects of Casualisation of Workforce - Teachoo.JPG


Other Books


What do you mean by casualisation of workforce?

View Answer
  1. Class 12 NCERT
  2. Indian Economic Development

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CA Maninder Singh's photo - Expert in Practical Accounts, Taxation and Efiling
CA Maninder Singh
CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 10 years. He also provides Accounts Tax GST Training in Delhi and Pune.