What are Different Industrial Divisions?


What is Distribution of Workers by Industry?

All economic activities can be categorized into 8 industrial divisions:

  1. Agriculture
  2. Mining and Quarrying
  3. Manufacturing
  4. Electricity, Gas and Water Supply
  5. Construction
  6. Trade
  7. Transport and Storage
  8. Services

Different Economic Activities or Industrial Divisions in Economics.JPG


What are 3 Major Sectors of Workforce?

Primary Sector, Secondary Sector and Tertiary Sector

  1. Primary Sector - This sector Produces Raw Materials for Other Sector
    Example - Agriculture Sector (A farmer grows cotton which is a Raw Material for Making Cloth)

  2. Secondary Sector - It refers to that Sector which uses Raw Material Produced to Make Finished Produces
    Example - Manufacturing (A factory uses Cotton as Raw Material to Produce Cloth)

  3. Tertiary Sector -  This Sector Provides useful services to other Sectors
    Example - Banking Service (A bank provides service to both Primary as well as Secondary sector)

Different Sectors of Workforce-Primary,Secondary Teritary.JPG

What is Primary Sector of Workforce.JPG

What is Secondary Sector of Workforce.JPG

What is Tertiary Sector of Workforce.JPG

Which Industrial Division fall in which Sector?

Agriculture, Mining and Quarrying  - Primary Sector

Manufacturing Electricity, Gas and Water Supply, Construction - Secondary Sector

Trade, Transport and Storage, Services -  Tertiary Sector

Which Industrial Divisions fall in Primary Sector.JPG Which Industrial Divisions fall in Secondary Sector.JPG Which Industrial Divisions fall in Territory Sector.JPG


Which Sector is Main Source of Employment ?

In Rural Areas

Primary Sector is Main Source of Employment

It is because majority of people do agriculture in villages

Around 64% of people are dependent upon Primary Sector (agriculture)


In Urban Areas

Agriculture is not main source of employment as there are very little farms in urban areas

Tertiary Sector is Main Source of Employment

Around 58% of people work in Tertiary Sector

Comparison of Primary Secondary Tertiary Sectors-Rural vs Urban India.JPG

Which Sector Generates Most Employment in Rural Areas.JPG Which Sector Generates Most Employment in Urban Areas.JPG

In Primary Sector, is concentration of Women high or Men?

Concentration of Women is High as compared to men

(62.8 % for women compared to 43.6 % for men)

It is because in Rural Areas, Men are allowed to go out and work in different sectors

while women stay at home and work in farms

Comparison of Different Sectors-Male vs Female.JPG

Employment in Different Sectors for Males of India.JPG

Employment in Different Sectors for Females of India.JPG


NCERT Questions

Question 5

The newly emerging jobs are found mostly in the ______ sector (service/manufacturing).

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Question 11

The following table shows distribution of workforce in India for the year 1972-73.

Analyse it and give reasons for the nature of workforce distribution.

You will notice that the data is pertaining to the situation in India about 50 years ago!

Workforce - Teachoo.jpg

View Answer

Question 15

Analyse the recent trends in sectoral distribution of workforce in India.

View Answer

Question 16

Compared to the 1970s, there has hardly been any change in the distribution of workforce across various industries.


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Other Books

Question 1

Which Sector is Main Source of Employment ?

View Answer
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Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo