It means launching different schemes through which poor will get work and able to earn a living

This approach has been followed from Third Five Year Plan onwards

As per this approach, many Poverty Alleviation programmes have been launched for poor

Poverty Alleviation Programs for Work Generation -  Teachoo.JPG

Examples of Poverty Alleviation Programs\

Food for Work

This Scheme was launched in 1970's

As name suggest,food was given to poor in consideration of work done by them

Poverty Alleviation Schemes

Following were main Schemes launched

Scheme Name  Full Form Purpose
REGP Rural Employment Generation Programme Creating Self Employemnt Oppurtunities in Rural reas
PMRY Prime Minister Rozgar Yojna Loans were given to set up different enterprises which generated employment
SJSRY Swarn Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojna It aimed at creating self employment opportunities in urban areas

 

National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)

It was initiated to help few specific groups by the government

Elderly people who did not have anyone to care of them

were given pension to sustain themselves

 

Creation of Self Help Groups

Earlier,loans or assistance were given by govt to individuals

From 1990, benefit given to self help groups instead of individuals

A group of people come together and save money.

They give loan to needy, A Part of finance is also given by banks to these SHG

What are Self Help Groups - Teachoo.JPG

 

Wage Employement to Poor

In 2005

Parliament passed a new act called MNREGA

MNREGA means

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act

As per this Act, a scheme was launched which is called Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya

As pet this Act, an adult volunteer of a rural household was given unskilled work for 100 days in a year\

As per this scheme, nearly 5 Crore employement opportunities were provided in 2018-19

The Food for Work Programme launched in 2004 was incorporated here in 2005.

 

WHAT IS MNREGA  - Teachoo.JPG

How employment generation programmes are important:

1 Reduces migration from rural to urban areas

People migrate from rural to urban areas for job opportunities

But, employment generation programmes make sure that there are opportunities in rural areas

 

2 Creation of skills

Employment generation programmes ensure that the workers have required skills

 

3 Higher standard of living

When employment opportunities increase, the average income also increases
So, all this leads to higher standard of living

 

4 Direct relationship between Employment and Poverty Alleviation

One of the major reasons of poverty is unemployment

With the employment generation programmes we observe a rise in employment

So, because of increase in employment, poverty also reduces

Benefits of Employment Generation Programs - Teachoo.JPG

NCERT Questions

Q2

What is MNREGA?

View Answer

 

Q3

Why are employment generation programmes important in poverty alleviation in India?

View Answer

 

Q4

How can creation of income earning assets address the problem of poverty?

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Q6

What programmes has the government adopted to help the elderly people, poor and destitute women in India?

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Q7

Is there any relationship between unemployment and poverty? Explain.

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Q8

Suppose you are from a poor family and you wish to get help from the government to set up a petty shop.

Under which scheme will you apply for assistance and why?

View Answer

 

MCQ Other Books

Q1

In the following questions, select the correct answers:

1 SJSRY stands for:

A Swarna Jayanti Shahri Rozgar Yojna

B Shahari Jeewan Sudhar Rashtriya Yojana

C Sampoorna Jeewan Shahari Rozgar Yojana

D None of these

View Answer

 

Q2

The earlier 'Food for Work Programme' has now been converted into:

A Intensive Area Development Programme

B Integrated Rural Development Programme

C Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Programme

D Minimum Needs Programme

View Answer

 

Q3

In which year ' Food for Work Programme' was launched?

A 2008

B 2004

C 2005

D 2007

View Answer

 

Q4

Self-employment generation programmes include:

A Prime Minister's Rozgar Yojna

B Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna

C Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojna

D National Food for Work Programme

View Answer

 

Q5

Identify the correctly matched pair in Column A and Column B from the following:

Column A  Column B  
(1) Green Revolution  (a) 1962  
(2) PMJAY   (b) 2012 
(3) NHMC  (c) 1960  
(4) MGNREGA  (d) 2005

 

A 1 – (a)

B 2 – (b)

C 3 – (c)

D 4 – (d)

View Answer
  1. Class 12 NCERT
  2. Indian Economic Development

Transcript

Approach 2 Poverty Alleviation Programs for Work Generation Government Schemes for Poverty Reduction By giving work to poor Schemes for Self Employment Prime Minister Rozgar Yojna Self Help Groups Different Schemes for Poverty Reduction Schemes for Urban Employment National Urban Livelihood Mission Swarn Jayanti Shahari Rorzgar Yojna Schemes for Rural Employment National Rural Livelihood Mission MNREGA--Guarantee for 100 Days Min Work Skills Training Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana Pension For Elderly People National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) Self Help Group A group of people helping each other in case of need with assistance from Govt What are Self Help Groups A group of people helping each other in case of needs These are also called Micro Credit Organizations Example Suppose there are 5 Members in Group Each Member Contribute 2000 each Member 1 2000 Member 2 2000 Member 3 2000 Member 4 2000 Member 5 2000 BENEFITS OF SHG Low Rate of interest Not much documentation for Loan Loan given is secure as given to Known Members Promotes Savings (Thrift) among members Total Amt contributed 10000 + Assistance By Govt 15000* Total Funds Available 25000 This Money is Available to any of 5 members in case of need *How much Does Govt Contribute? Around 10000-15000 per SHG + 250000 (Community Investment Support Fund) WHAT IS MNREGA ? Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act Scheme of Central Govt For Rural Areas Work It is a law of Central Govt which Guarantees Right to Work in Rural Area What is the Guarantee 100 days Minimum work for each rural household What type of Work Unskilled Manual Work When Launched In 2005,Govt passed MNREGA Act (The Food for Work Program Launched in 2004 was incorporated here in 2005). Benefits Poor get guarantee of Minimum work at their villages a (No need to Migrate to Cities to find work) Poor get wages only on working (Not given free) Development of Village Infrastructure (Labour is involved in construction of Roads, Wells, Toilets in Villages ) Benefits of Employment Generation Programs Happy in Village, no need to Migrate Reduces migration from rural to urban areas People migrate from rural to urban areas for job opportunities But employment generation programmes make sure that there are opportunities in rural areas More Skills More Income Creation of skills These programs ensure that the workers have required skills With these skills, they can find jobs and increase their incomes Village Boy using Laptop Higher standard of living When employment opportunities increase, the average income also increases So, all this leads to higher standard of living More the Jobs, Less the poverty Direct relationship between Employment and Poverty Alleviation Main Reason for Poverty is unemployment Now because of poverty alleviation programs, More jobs generated This lead to decrease in Poverty

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 10 years. He also provides Accounts Tax GST Training in Delhi and Pune.