Percentage of Poor Declined

Percentage of Poor is less than National Average in Some States



Many parts of India still suffer from

Poverty, Hunger, malnourishment, lack of basic Amenities


Poverty Alleviation Program had made progress but there is no radical transformation in

E-ownership of assets, process of production and improvement of basic amenities to the needy


Why Poverty Alleviation Program have not been successfully implemented?

1. Unequal Distribution of Land

In Rural Areas,

Rich farmers hold most of land but Poor farmers hold very little or no land

Benefit of poverty alleviation programs have accrued to rich farmers instead of poor farmers having no land


2. Resources Allocated Not Sufficient

Considering the magnitude of poverty, more funds are required than what is sanctioned


3. Inefficient use of Resources and Wastage

These programs are handled by officials who are

Ill motivated, inadequately trained, corruption prone and vulnerable to pressure from a variety of local elites,

Due to this, the resources are inefficiently used and wasted


4. Non Participation of Local Institutions

Local Institutions know who the real poor are and can help in poverty alleviation by giving benefit to actual poor

However, there has not been proper participation of local institutions


5. Poor not Participating to Economic Growth

Encouraging poor people to participate and get them empowered

This can be done by Providing Basic facilities free of cost like Cooking Gas Connection, Electricity, Education, Health


6. Lack of Infrastructure in Poverty Stricken Areas

There is a need to identify poverty stricken areas

and provide infrastructure such as schools, roads, power, telecom, IT services, training institutions etc.

Problems with Growth Oriented Approach towards reducing Poverty - Teachoo.JPG

Problems with Poverty Alleviation Programs - Teachoo.JPG

Problems with Providing Basic Amenities to Poor for Reducing Poverty - Teachoo.JPG



Conclusion and Summary

In Seven Decades Since Independence

Poverty Alleviation has been challenge for all the Governments\

Every Govt made policy for economic development and Equality of Justice

Vast Resources have been allocated and spent for this purpose



There is improvement in per capita income and development

But it is not impressive compared to other countries

Some regions of coountry still have massive Poverty


NCERT Questions

Question 5

The three dimensional attack on poverty adopted by the government has not succeeded in poverty alleviation in India.


View Answer


MCQ Other Books

Question 1

In the following questions, select the correct answers:

Select reasons for failure of Poverty Alleviation Programmes.

  1. Inefficient use of Resources and Wastage
  2. Growth of Indian economy
  3. Lack of Infrastructure in Poverty Stricken Areas
  4. Sufficient allocation of resources
View Answer


Problems with Govt Approach towards reducing Poverty Growth Oriented Approach Problems Green Revolution Benefited Rich Farmer More Poor Farmer had less or no Land , so not much benefit (There is unequal distribution of land) No Trickle down Effect Poor not participating In Economic Growth Specific Poverty Alleviation Programs for Work Generation Problems Resources Allocated are Not Sufficient (More Resources Required) Non-Participation of Local Institutions who know who are Poor Providing Basic Amenity to People Problems Corruption and Misuse Of Resources (Benefit don’t reach poor) Lack of Infrastructure in Poverty Stricken Areas like Proper schools, hospitals

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Maninder Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

Made by

Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo