POSITIVE POINTS

Percentage of Poor Declined

Percentage of Poor is less than National Average in Some States

 

NEGATIVE POINTS

Many parts of India still suffer from

Poverty, Hunger, malnourishment, lack of basic Amenities

 

Poverty Alleviation Program had made progress but there is no radical transformation in

E-ownership of assets, process of production and improvement of basic amenities to the needy

 

Why Poverty Alleviation Program have not been successfully implemented?

1 Unequal Distribution of Land

In Rural Areas,

Rich farmers hold most of land but Poor farmers hold very little or no land

Benefit of poverty alleviation programs have accrued to rich farmers instead of poor farmers having no land

 

2 Resources Allocated Not Suffcient

Considering the magnitude of poverty, more funds are required than what is sanctioned

 

3 Inefficent use of Resources and Wastage

These programs are handled by officials who are

Ill motivated, inadequately trained, corruption prone and vulnerable to pressure from a variety of local elites,

Due to this, the resources are inefficiently used and wasted

 

4 Non Participation of Local Instituitions

Local Instituitions know who the real poor are and can help in poverty alleviation by giving benefit to actual poor

However,there has not been proper participation of local institutions

 

5 Poor not Participating to Economic Growth

Encouraging poor people to participate and get them empowered

This can be done by Providing Basic facilities free of cost like Cooking Gas Connection, Electricity, Education, Health

 

6 Lack of Infrastructure in Poverty Stricken Areas

There is a need to identify poverty stricken areas

and provide infrastructure such as schools, roads, power, telecom, IT services, training instituitions etc.

 

Problems with Govt Approach towards reducing Poverty - Teachoo.JPG

 

Conclusion and Summary

In Seven Decades Since Independence

Poverty Alleviation has been challenge for all the Governments\

Every Govt made policy for economic development and Equality of Justice

Vast Resources have been allocated and spent for this purpose

 

Outcome

There is improvement in per capita income and development

But it is not impressive compared to other countries

Some regions of coountry still have massive Poverty

 

NCERT Questions

Q5

The three dimensional attack on poverty adopted by the government has not succeded in poverty alleviation in India.

Comment.

View Answer

 

MCQ Other Books

Q1

In the following questions, select the correct answers:

1 Select reasons for failure of Poverty Alleviation Programmes.

A Inefficent use of Resources and Wastage

B Growth of Indian economy

C Lack of Infrastructure in Poverty Stricken Areas

D Sufficient allocation of resources

View Answer
  1. Class 12 NCERT
  2. Indian Economic Development

Transcript

Problems with Govt Approach towards reducing Poverty Growth Oriented Approach Problems Green Revolution Benefited Rich Farmer More Poor Farmer had less or no Land , so not much benefit (There is unequal distribution of land) No Trickle down Effect Poor not participating In Economic Growth Specific Poverty Alleviation Programs for Work Generation Problems Resources Allocated are Not Sufficient (More Resources Required) Non-Participation of Local Institutions who know who are Poor Providing Basic Amenity to People Problems Corruption and Misuse Of Resources (Benefit don’t reach poor) Lack of Infrastructure in Poverty Stricken Areas like Proper schools, hospitals

About the Author

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CA Maninder Singh
CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 10 years. He also provides Accounts Tax GST Training in Delhi and Pune.