It means providing food, education, health facility free or at concessional rate to poor


Examples of Different Facility Provided

PDS (Public Distribution System)

Ration is provided to poor at concessional Rates


Integrated Child Development Scheme and Midday Meal Scheme

Free food was provided to school children who attend classes


Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana

For Developiong Infrastructure like Roads


Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana

In this scheme, people in India are encouraged to open bank accounts.

Besides promoting saving habits, this scheme intends to transfer all the benefits of government schemes and

subsidies to account holders directly

Each bank account holder is also entitled to Rs. 1 lakh accident insurance and Rs. 30,000 life insurance cover


Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana

For Developing Housing Dfacilties

National Social Assistance Programme

Old Age Pension and Widow Pension



This Approach was followed from 5th Five year Plan

Basic Amenities in Food Education for Poverty Alleviation - Teachoo.JPG

Basic Amenities in Housing and Pension  for Poverty Alleviation - Teachoo.JPG
Basic Amenities inInsurance Roads for Poverty Alleviation - Teachoo.JPG


MCQ Other Books

Question 1

In the following questions, select the correct answers:

The programme initiated by the Government to improve food and nutritional level of poor was:

  1. Public Distribution System
  2. Integrated Child Development Scheme\
  3. Mid day Meal Scheme
  4. All of these
View Answer


Question 2

Identify the correctly matched pair in Column A and Column B from the following:

Column A  Column B  
(1) Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme   (a) Nutritional  Programme  
(2) National Rural  Livelihood Mission   (b) Social Assistance  Programme  
(3) Sampoorna  Grameen Rozgaar  Yojna   (c) Wage Employment  Programme  
(4) Mid-day Meal  Scheme   (d) Infrastructure  Development  Programme  


  1. 1 – (a)
  2. 2 – (b)
  3. 3 – (c)
  4. 4 – (d)
View Answer


Providing Basic Amenity to People for Poverty Alleviation Basic Needs Different Schemes of Government Food  PDS (Public Distribution System) Ration is provided to poor at concessional Rates Education Integrated Child Development Scheme and Midday Meal Scheme Free Education and food was provided to school children House  Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana Providing Shelter and toilets for Slum Dwellers Pension National Social Assistance Programme It provides pension to Old People ,Women and destitute Insurance & Bank Account  Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana People encouraged to Open bank Accounts Subsidies transferred in Bank Account directly Free Accidental Insurance of 100000,Life Insurance 30000 Roads  Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana To Provide road connectivity in remote villages Why Govt Shifting to Direct Money Transfer Schemes for Poverty Alleviation Traditional Schemes Money and Benefits given to Poor through Agency Govt Example Public Distribution System (Free Ration Scheme) Middleman Stealing Food from PDS Scheme of Govt Problems Lot of Corruption and Middlemen Benefit of scheme do not reach poor Tax Payers Money Wasted Direct Benefit Transfer Schemes Money and benefits given to Poor Directly Govt Poor Example Direct Benefit Transfer Scheme (Govt Benefit Transferred to Bank A/c of Poor Directly) No Middleman No Corruption Benefits Money Reach poor directly Less chances of Corruption Taxpayers money Utilized Properly

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Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo