In a prism, the angle between the Incident Ray and the Emergent Ray is called the Angle of Deviation
The Angle of deviation in a prism depends upon:
- Refractive index of the prism - The larger the refractive index, the larger the angle of deviation.
- Angle of the prism (i.e. Angle A in the figure) - The larger the prism angle, the larger the deviation angle.
- Angle of incidence: Angle of deviation first increases with increasing incidence angle, and then decreases.