Question 27 (Or 1st) - CBSE Class 10 Sample Paper for 2019 Boards - Solutions of Sample Papers for Class 10 Boards

Last updated at April 16, 2024 by Teachoo

Question 27 (OR 1
st
question)

A man on the top of a vertical observation tower observes a car moving at a uniform speed coming directly towards it. If it takes 12 minutes for the angle of depression to change from 30° to 45°, how long will the car take to reach the observation tower from this point?

Transcript

Question 27 (OR 1st question)
A man on the top of a vertical observation tower observes a car moving at a uniform speed coming directly towards it. If it takes 12 minutes for the angle of depression to change from 30° to 45°, how long will the car take to reach the observation tower from this point?
Let the man & tower height be AD
Given that man sees car first at an angle of depression of 30°
So, ∠ PAB = 30°
After 12 minutes, the man sees car at an angle of depression of 45°
So, ∠ PAC = 45°
Now, tower is vertical,
So, ∠ ADB = 90°
Also,
Lines PA & BD are parallel
And AB is the transversal
∠ ABD = ∠ PAB (Alternate Angles)
So, ∠ ABD = 30°
Lines PA & BD are parallel
And AC is the transversal
∠ ACD = ∠ PAC (Alternate Angles)
So, ∠ ACD = 45°
In right angle triangle ACD
tan C = (𝑆𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑜𝑝𝑝𝑜𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑒 𝑡𝑜 𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑙𝑒" " 𝐶)/(𝑆𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑎𝑑𝑗𝑎𝑐𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑡𝑜 𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑙𝑒" " 𝐶)
tan 45° = AD/CD
1 = 𝐴𝐷/𝐶𝐷
CD = AD
AD = CD
In right angle triangle ABD
tan B = (𝑆𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑜𝑝𝑝𝑜𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑒 𝑡𝑜 𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑙𝑒" " 𝐵)/(𝑆𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑎𝑑𝑗𝑎𝑐𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑡𝑜 𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑙𝑒" " 𝐵)
tan 30° = (" " AD)/BD
(" " 1)/√3 = 𝐴𝐷/𝐵𝐷
BD/√3 = AD
AD = BD/√3
From (1) & (2)
CD = 𝐵𝐷/√3
√3CD = BD
√3CD = BC + CD
√3CD – CD = BC
CD (√3 – 1) = BC
CD = 𝐵𝐶/((√3 − 1) )
CD = 𝐵𝐶/((√3 − 1) ) × ((√3 + 1))/((√3 + 1) )
CD = 𝐵𝐶(√3 + 1)/(((√3)^2 − 1^2 ) )
CD = 𝐵𝐶(√3 + 1)/((3 − 1) )
CD = 𝐵𝐶(√3 + 1)/2
Given that
Time taken to cover BC = 12 minutes
Time taken to cover 𝐵𝐶(√3 + 1)/2 = 12 × ((√3 + 1))/2 minutes
= 6 (√3 + 1) minutes
∴ Time taken to cover CD = 6 (√3 + 1) minutes
Hence, it takes 6 (√𝟑 + 1) minutes to reach to the foot of the tower.

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.

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