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Ex 4.2

Ex 4.2, 1
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Ex 4.2, 2 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2023 Exams

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Ex 4.2, 8 (i) Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2023 Exams

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Ex 4.2, 12 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2023 Exams You are here

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Chapter 4 Class 12 Determinants

Serial order wise

Last updated at March 16, 2023 by Teachoo

Ex 4.2, 12 By using properties of determinants, show that: |■8(1&x&[email protected]&1&[email protected]&x2&1)| = (1 – x3)2 Solving L.H.S |■8(1&x&[email protected]&1&[email protected]&x2&1)| Applying R1 → R1 + R2 + R3 = |■8(𝟏+𝐱𝟐+𝐱&𝐱+𝟏+𝐱𝟐&𝐱𝟐+𝐱+𝟏@x2&1&[email protected]&x2&1)| Taking (1 + x + x2) Common from 1st row = (𝟏+𝐱+𝐱𝟐) |■8(1&1&[email protected]&1&[email protected]&x2&1)| Applying C1 → C1 − C2 = (1+x+x2) |■8(𝟏−𝟏&1&[email protected]−1&1&[email protected]−x2&x2&1)| = (1+x+x2) |■8(0&1&[email protected]−1&1&[email protected](1−x)&x2&1)| = (1+x+x2) |■8(𝟎&1&[email protected](𝐱−𝟏)(𝑥+1)&1&[email protected]−x (𝐱−𝟏)&x2&1)| Taking (x – 1) common from C1 = (x – 1) (1+x+x2) |■8(0&1&[email protected](x+1)&1&[email protected]−x&x2&1)| Applying C2 → C2 − C3 = (x – 1) (1+x+x2) |■8(0&𝟏−𝟏&[email protected]+1&1−x&[email protected]−x&x2−1&1)| = (x – 1) (1+x+x2) |■8(0&𝟎&[email protected]+1&−(𝒙−𝟏)&[email protected]−x&(x+1)(𝐱−𝟏)&1)| Taking (x – 1) common from 2nd Column = (x – 1) (1+x+x2) (x – 1) |■8(0&0&[email protected]+1&−1&[email protected]−x&𝑥+1&1)| = (x – 1)2 (1+x+x2) |■8(0&0&[email protected]+1&−1&[email protected]−x&𝑥+1&1)| Expanding Determinant along R1 = (x – 1)2 (1+x+x2) ( 0|■8(−1&𝑥@𝑥+1&1)|−0|■8(𝑥+1&[email protected]−𝑥&1)|+1|■8(𝑥+1&−[email protected]−x&𝑥+1)|) = (x – 1)2 (1+x+x2) ( 0−0+1|■8(𝑥+1&−[email protected]−x&𝑥+1)|) = (x – 1)2 (1+x+x2) (0−0+1((𝑥+1)2−𝑥)) = (x – 1)2 (1+x+x2) ((𝑥+1)^2−𝑥) = (x – 1)2 (1 + x + x2) ((x2 + 1 + 2x) – x) = (x – 1)2 (1 + x + x2) (1 + x + x2) = (x – 1)2 (1 + x + x2)2 = ((x – 1) (1 + x + x2))2 = (– (1 – x) (1 + x + x2))2 = ((1 – x) (1 + x + x2))2 = (13 – x3)2 = (1 – x3)2 = R.H.S Hence proved = (x – 1)2 (1 + x + x2)2 = ((x – 1) (1 + x + x2))2 = (– (1 – x) (1 + x + x2))2 = ((1 – x) (1 + x + x2))2 = (13 – x3)2 = (1 – x3)2 = R.H.S Hence proved We know that a3 – b3 = (a – b)(a2 + b2 + ab) Here, a = 1 , b = x