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  • Lakshadweep Island group lies close to the Malabar Coast of Kerala. It is composed of small coral islands. Earlier they were known as Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindive.
  • In 1973, these were named as Lakshwadeep. 
  • It covers a small area of 32 sq km.
  •   Kavaratti island is the administrative headquarters of Lakshwadeep. This island group has great diversity of Flora and Fauna.

The Island Groups of India - Teachoo.png

  • The elongated chain of islands located in Bay of Bengal extending from north to south are called Andaman and Nicobar Islands . They are bigger in size, numerous and scattered.
  • The entire group of islands is divided into 2 broad categories- Andaman in the north and Nicobar in the south .  These island groups are of great strategic importance to the country. 
  • There is great diversity of flora and fauna. They lie close to the equator and experience equatorial climate and has thick forest cover.

Corals :

Coral Polyps - Teachoo.png

  •   Coral polyps are short lived microscopic organisms, which live in colonies.
  •  They flourish in shallow, Mud free and warm waters.
  •  They  secrete calcium carbonate. The Coral secretion and a skeleton from coral deposits in the form of Reefs : they are mainly of three kinds : barrier reef, fringing reef and atolls.
  • The great barrier reef of Australia is a good example of the first kind of coral reefs.
  •  Atolls are circular or horseshoe shaped coral reefs. India’s only active volcano is found on barren island in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.