Map of india displaying geographic regions as affecting its bio-diversity - Teachoo.png

  • India is a vast country with varied land forms. It practically has all major physical features of the earth ; i.e mountains, plains, deserts, plateaus and islands.
  • Land of India displays great physical variation.
  • Geologically, Peninsular plateau constitutes one of the most ancient landmasses on earth’s surface.
  • Himalayas and northern plains are the most recent landforms.
  • Himalayan mountains form an unstable zone, it represents a very youthful topography with high peaks, deep valleys and fast flowing rivers.
  • Northern plains are formed of alluvial deposits.
  • Peninsular plateau is composed of igneous and metamorphic rocks with gently rising hills and wide valleys.


Physical features of india can be grouped under :

  • Himalayan Mountains
  • Northern Plains
  • Peninsular Plateau
  • Indian Desert
  • Coastal Plains
  • Islands

Physical features of india - Teachoo.png


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Davneet Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.