Describe the following chemical properties of carbon compounds briefly and give one chemical reaction for each:

(i) Combustion

(ii) Addition

(iii) Substitution

(iv) Esterification

(v) Oxidation



(i) Combustion: 

This reaction involves burning of carbon compounds to release carbon dioxide, water and large amounts of energy in the form of heat and light. Combustion may be complete or incomplete depending upon the availability of oxygen/air

Combustion of reaction - Teachoo.png

(ii) Addition: 

This reaction involves the addition of hydrogen atoms over the double or triple bonds of an unsaturated hydrocarbon in the presence of a catalyst (nickel/palladium) to form saturated hydrocarbons.

Addition reaction - Teachoo.png


In this reaction, an atom or a group of atoms of a compound are replaced by some other atom or group of atoms.

Substitution reaction - Teachoo.png


It is a reaction between an alcohol and acid to produce a sweet smelling compound called ester. It is a reversible reaction.

Esterification reaction. - Teachoo.png


When there is an addition of oxygen or removal of hydrogen in a reaction, it is known as oxidation reaction. The compounds which bring about oxidation are known as oxidizing agents.

Oxidation reaction - Teachoo.png

Ask a doubt
Maninder Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

Made by

Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo