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Last updated at July 24, 2021 by Teachoo

Transcript

Ex 3.5 ,1 Which of the following pairs of linear equations has unique solution, no solution, or infinitely many solutions. In case there is a unique solution, find it by using cross multiplication method (iv) x – 3y – 7 = 0 3x – 3y – 15 = 0 x – 3y – 7 = 0 3x – 3y – 15 = 0 x – 3y – 7 = 0 Comparing with a1x + b1y + c1 = 0 ∴ a1 = 1, b1 = –3, c1 = –7 3x – 3y – 15 = 0 Comparing with a2x + b2y + c2 = 0 ∴ a2 = 3, b2 = –3, c2 = –15 a1 = 1, b1 = –3, c1 = –7 & a2 = 3, b2 = –3, c2 = –15 𝒂𝟏/𝒂𝟐 𝑎1/𝑎2 = 1/3 𝒃𝟏/𝒃𝟐 𝑏1/𝑏2 = (−3)/(−3) 𝑏1/𝑏2 = 1 𝒄𝟏/𝒄𝟐 𝑐1/𝑐2 = (−7)/(−15) 𝑐1/𝑐2 = 7/15 Since 𝒂𝟏/𝒂𝟐 ≠ 𝒃𝟏/𝒃𝟐 We have a unique solution Solving x – 3y – 7 = 0 …(1) 3x – 3y – 15 = 0 …(2) Using cross-multiplication 𝑥/(−3 ×(−15) − (−3) ×(−7) ) = 𝑦/(3 ×(−7) − 1 × (−15) ) = 1/(1 ×(−3) − 3 ×(−3) ) 𝑥/((45) − 21 ) = 𝑦/(−21 + 15 ) = 1/(−3 + 9 ) 𝑥/(24 ) = 𝑦/(−6 ) = 1/6 Now, 𝒙/𝟐𝟒 = 𝟏/𝟔 x = 24/6 ∴ x = 4 𝒚/(−𝟔) = 𝟏/𝟔 y = (−6)/6 ∴ y = – 1 Therefore, x = 4, y = –1 is the solution of our equation

Ex 3.5

Ex 3.5, 1 (i)
Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams

Ex 3.5, 1 (ii) Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams

Ex 3.5, 1 (iii) Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams

Ex 3.5, 1 (iv) Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams You are here

Ex 3.5, 2 (i) Important

Ex 3.5, 2 (ii)

Ex 3.5, 3 Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams

Ex 3.5, 4 (i)

Ex 3.5, 4 (ii)

Ex 3.5, 4 (iii)

Ex 3.5, 4 (iv) Important

Ex 3.5, 4 (v) Important

About the Author

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 10 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.