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Ex 3.5, 1 - Chapter 3 Class 10 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables - Part 9

Ex 3.5, 1 - Chapter 3 Class 10 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables - Part 10
Ex 3.5, 1 - Chapter 3 Class 10 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables - Part 11 Ex 3.5, 1 - Chapter 3 Class 10 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables - Part 12

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Ex 3.5 ,1 Which of the following pairs of linear equations has unique solution, no solution, or infinitely many solutions. In case there is a unique solution, find it by using cross multiplication method (iv) x – 3y – 7 = 0 3x – 3y – 15 = 0 x – 3y – 7 = 0 3x – 3y – 15 = 0 x – 3y – 7 = 0 Comparing with a1x + b1y + c1 = 0 ∴ a1 = 1, b1 = –3, c1 = –7 3x – 3y – 15 = 0 Comparing with a2x + b2y + c2 = 0 ∴ a2 = 3, b2 = –3, c2 = –15 a1 = 1, b1 = –3, c1 = –7 & a2 = 3, b2 = –3, c2 = –15 𝒂𝟏/𝒂𝟐 𝑎1/𝑎2 = 1/3 𝒃𝟏/𝒃𝟐 𝑏1/𝑏2 = (−3)/(−3) 𝑏1/𝑏2 = 1 𝒄𝟏/𝒄𝟐 𝑐1/𝑐2 = (−7)/(−15) 𝑐1/𝑐2 = 7/15 Since 𝒂𝟏/𝒂𝟐 ≠ 𝒃𝟏/𝒃𝟐 We have a unique solution Solving x – 3y – 7 = 0 …(1) 3x – 3y – 15 = 0 …(2) Using cross-multiplication 𝑥/(−3 ×(−15) − (−3) ×(−7) ) = 𝑦/(3 ×(−7) − 1 × (−15) ) = 1/(1 ×(−3) − 3 ×(−3) ) 𝑥/((45) − 21 ) = 𝑦/(−21 + 15 ) = 1/(−3 + 9 ) 𝑥/(24 ) = 𝑦/(−6 ) = 1/6 Now, 𝒙/𝟐𝟒 = 𝟏/𝟔 x = 24/6 ∴ x = 4 𝒚/(−𝟔) = 𝟏/𝟔 y = (−6)/6 ∴ y = – 1 Therefore, x = 4, y = –1 is the solution of our equation

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Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.