Learn all Concepts of Chapter 3 Class 10 (with VIDEOS). Check - Linear Equations in 2 Variables - Class 10

  1. Chapter 3 Class 10 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
  2. Serial order wise

Transcript

Ex3.5,4 Form the pair of linear equations in the following problems and find their solutions (if they exist) by any algebraic method : (iv) Places A and B are 100 km apart on a highway. One car starts from A and another from B at the same time. If the cars travel in the same direction at different speeds, they meet in 5 hours. If they travel towards each other, they meet in 1 hour. What are the speeds of the two cars? Let the speed of first car be x km/hr & let the speed of second car be y km/hr If travelling in same direction Distance travelled by 1st car = AC = AB + BC Distance travelled by 2nd car = BC Difference of distance travelled = AB + BC – BC = AB = 100 km Distance travelled by 1st car – Distance travelled by 2nd car = 100 km (Speed of first car × 5 hours) – (Speed of 2nd car × 5 hours) = 100 km 5x – 5y = 100 5x – 5y = 100 5(x – y) = 100 (x – y) = 100/5 x – y = 20 If travelling in opposite direction Distance travelled by 1st car = AD Distance travelled by 2nd car = BD Sum of distance travelled = AD + BD = AB = 100 km Distance travelled by 1st car + Distance travelled by 2nd car = 100 km (Speed of first car × 1 hours) – (Speed of 2nd car × 1 hours) = 100 km x + y = 100 So, our two equations are x – y = 20 …(1) x + y = 100 …(2) From (1) x – y = 20 x = y + 20 Putting value of x in (2) x + y = 100 (y + 20) + y = 100 2y + 20 = 100 2y = 100 – 20 2y = 80 y = 80/2 y = 40 Putting y = 40 in equation (1) x – y = 20 x – 40 = 20 x = 40 + 20 x = 60 Therefore x = 60, y = 40 is the solution Thus, Speed of first car = x km/hr = 60 km/hr Speed of second car = y km/hr = 20 km/hr

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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.