Learn all Concepts of Chapter 3 Class 10 (with VIDEOS). Check - Linear Equations in 2 Variables - Class 10

 

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  1. Chapter 3 Class 10 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
  2. Serial order wise

Transcript

Ex 3.5,4 Form the pair of linear equations in the following problems and find their solutions (if they exist) by any algebraic method : (iii) Yash scored 40 marks in a test, getting 3 marks for each right answer and losing 1 mark for each wrong answer. Had 4 marks been awarded for each correct answer and 2 marks been deducted for each incorrect answer, then Yash would have scored 50 marks. How many questions were there in the test? Let the number of right answers be x And the number of wrong answers be y Given that , Yash scored 40 marks if we get 3 marks for right answer and lose 1 mark for wrong answer 3x – y = 40 Also, Yash scored 50 marks if he gets 4 marks for correct answer and loses 2 mark for wrong answer 4x – 2y = 50 2(2x – y)= 50 (2x – y) = 50/2 2x – y = 25 Hence, our equations are 3x – y = 40 …(1) 2x – y = 25 From (1) 3x – y = 40 3x – 40 = y y = 3x – 40 Putting value of y in (2) 2x – y = 25 2x – (3x – 40) = 25 2x – 3x + 40 = 25 2x – 3x = 25 - 40 -x = -15 x = 15 Putting x in (1) 3x – y = 40 3(15) – y = 40 3(15) – y = 40 45 – y = 40 45 – 40 = y 5 = y y = 5 Therefore x = 15, y = 5 is the solution So, Number of right answers = x = 15 Number of wrong answers = y = 5 Total questions in the test = x + y = 15 + 5 = 20

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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.