Check sibling questions

Ex 9.3, 12 - Which equations has y = x as particular solution

Ex 9.3, 12 - Chapter 9 Class 12 Differential Equations - Part 2
Ex 9.3, 12 - Chapter 9 Class 12 Differential Equations - Part 3
Ex 9.3, 12 - Chapter 9 Class 12 Differential Equations - Part 4
Ex 9.3, 12 - Chapter 9 Class 12 Differential Equations - Part 5

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Transcript

Ex 9.3, 12 Which of the following differential equations has 𝑦=𝑥 as one of its particular solution ? (A) (𝑑^2 𝑦)/(𝑑𝑥^2 )−𝑥^2 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥+𝑥𝑦=𝑥 (B) (𝑑^2 𝑦)/(𝑑𝑥^2 )+𝑥 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥+𝑥𝑦=𝑥 (C) ) (𝑑^2 𝑦)/(𝑑𝑥^2 )−𝑥^2 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥+𝑥𝑦=0 (D) (𝑑^2 𝑦)/(𝑑𝑥^2 )+𝑥 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥+𝑥𝑦=0 𝑦=𝑥 Differentiating both sides w.r.t. 𝑥 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥=1 Again differentiating both sides w.r.t. 𝑥 (𝑑^2 𝑦)/(𝑑𝑥^2 )=0 Let us check each Options Option A (𝑑^2 𝑦)/(𝑑𝑥^2 ) −𝑥^2 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥 +𝑥𝑦=𝑥 Putting (𝑑^2 𝑦)/(𝑑𝑥^2 ) = 1, 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥 = 0, y = x 0−𝑥^2 (1)+𝑥(𝑥)=𝑥 −𝑥^2+𝑥^2=𝑥 0=𝑥 Since this is not true ∴ Option (A) is not possible Option B (𝑑^2 𝑦)/(𝑑𝑥^2 ) +𝑥 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥+𝑥𝑦=𝑥 Putting (𝑑^2 𝑦)/(𝑑𝑥^2 ) = 1, 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥 = 0, y = x 0+𝑥(1)+𝑥(𝑥)=𝑥 𝑥+𝑥^2=𝑥 𝑥^2=0 Since this is not true ∴ Option (B) is not possible Option C (𝑑^2 𝑦)/(𝑑𝑥^2 )−𝑥^2 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥+𝑥𝑦=0 Putting (𝑑^2 𝑦)/(𝑑𝑥^2 ) = 1, 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥 = 0, y = x 0−𝑥^2 (1)+𝑥(𝑥)=0 −𝑥^2+𝑥^2=0 0=0 Since this is true ∴ Option (C) is possible Option D (𝑑^2 𝑦)/(𝑑𝑥^2 ) +𝑥 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥+𝑥𝑦=0 Putting (𝑑^2 𝑦)/(𝑑𝑥^2 ) = 1, 𝑑𝑦/𝑑𝑥 = 0, y = x 0+𝑥(1)+𝑥(𝑥)=0 𝑥+𝑥^2=0 𝑥=−𝑥^2 Since this is not true ∴ Option (D) is not possible Thus, Option C is correct

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.