Theorems

Chapter 6 Class 10 Triangles
Serial order wise

This video is only available for Teachoo black users

Get live Maths 1-on-1 Classs - Class 6 to 12

### Transcript

Now, ∆BDE and ∆DEC are on the same base DE and between the same parallel lines BC and DE. ∴ ar (BDE) = ar (DEC) Hence, "ar (ADE)" /"ar (BDE)" = "ar (ADE)" /"ar (DEC)" "AD" /"DB" = "AE" /"EC" Hence Proved. Given: Δ ABC and a line DE intersecting AB at D and AC at E, such that "AD" /"DB" = "AE" /"EC" To Prove: DE ∥ BC Construction: Draw DE’ parallel to BC. Proof: Since DE’ ∥ BC , By Theorem 6.1 :If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersecting other two sides not distinct points, the other two sided are divided in the same ratio. ∴ 𝐴𝐷/𝐷𝐵 = (𝐴𝐸^′)/(𝐸^′ 𝐶) And given that, 𝐴𝐷/𝐷𝐵 = 𝐴𝐸/𝐸𝐶 From (1) and (2) (𝐴𝐸^′)/(𝐸^′ 𝐶) = 𝐴𝐸/𝐸𝐶 Adding 1 on both sides (𝐴𝐸^′)/(𝐸^′ 𝐶) + 1 = 𝐴𝐸/𝐸𝐶 + 1 (𝐴𝐸^′ + 𝐸^′ 𝐶)/(𝐸^′ 𝐶) = (𝐴𝐸 + 𝐸𝐶)/𝐸𝐶 "AE" /"EC" + 1 = "AE′" /"E′C" + 1 ("AE" + "EC" )/"EC" = ("AE′" + "E′C" )/"E′C" "AC" /"EC" = "AC" /"E′C" EC = E’C Thus, E and E’ coincides. Hence, DE ∥ BC. (𝐴𝐸^′ + 𝐸^′ 𝐶)/(𝐸^′ 𝐶) = (𝐴𝐸 + 𝐸𝐶)/𝐸𝐶 𝐴𝐶/(𝐸^′ 𝐶) = 𝐴𝐶/𝐸𝐶 1/(𝐸^′ 𝐶) = 1/𝐸𝐶 EC = E’C Thus, E and E’ coincide Since DE’ ∥ BC ∴ DE ∥ BC. Hence, proved

#### Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.