# Misc 14 - Chapter 13 Class 12 Probability

Last updated at Feb. 15, 2020 by Teachoo

Last updated at Feb. 15, 2020 by Teachoo

Transcript

Misc 14 If each element of a second order determinant is either zero or one, what is the probability that the value of the determinant is positive? (Assume that the individual entries of the determinant are chosen independently, each value being assumed with probability 1/2 ) A second order determinant has 4 entries as |■8(𝑎1&𝑏1@𝑎2&𝑏2)| Given, each element is either Zero or one Number of such second order determinants = |■8(0 𝑜𝑟 1&"0 𝑜𝑟 1" @"0 𝑜𝑟 1" &"0 𝑜𝑟 1" )| = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 = 16 ∴ Total number of determinants = 16 Now, for the value of determinant to be Positive, favorable cases = |■8(1&0@0&1)| Other cases = |■8(1&1@0&0)|, |■8(0&1@0&1)|, |■8(0&0@0&0)|, |■8(1&1@1&0)|, |■8(0&1@1&1)|, etc In all these cases, the value of determinant is either 0 or – 1, and not positive Therefore, Number of favorable cases are 3 Now, for the value of determinant to be Positive, favorable cases = |■8(1&0@0&1)| Other cases = |■8(1&1@0&0)|, |■8(0&1@0&1)|, |■8(0&0@0&0)|, |■8(1&1@1&0)|, |■8(0&1@1&1)|, etc In all these cases, the value of determinant is either 0 or – 1, and not positive Therefore, Number of favorable cases are 3 Probability that the value of determinant is positive = (𝑁𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑓𝑎𝑣𝑜𝑟𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑑𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑛𝑡 )/(𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑛𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑑𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑛𝑡𝑠) = 𝟑/𝟏𝟔

Miscellaneous

Misc 1

Misc 2 Important

Misc 3

Misc 4 Deleted for CBSE Board 2021 Exams only

Misc 5 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2021 Exams only

Misc 6 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2021 Exams only

Misc 7 Important

Misc 8 Important

Misc 9 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2021 Exams only

Misc 10 Important

Misc 11 Important

Misc 12

Misc 13 Important

Misc 14 Important You are here

Misc 15 Important

Misc 16 Important

Misc 17 Important

Misc 18

Misc 19

About the Author

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 10 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.