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Misc 9 - An experiment succeeds twice as often as it fails

Misc 9 - Chapter 13 Class 12 Probability - Part 2
Misc 9 - Chapter 13 Class 12 Probability - Part 3

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Transcript

Misc 9 An experiment succeeds twice as often as it fails. Find the probability that in the next six trials, there will be at least 4 successes. Let X: Number of successes Since we are talking about success and failure It is a Bernoulli trial So, X has a binomial distribution Here, n = number of trials = 6 p = Probability of success q = Probability of failure = 1 – p Let X: Number of successes Since we are talking about success and failure It is a Bernoulli trial So, X has a binomial distribution Here, n = number of trials = 6 p = Probability of success q = Probability of failure = 1 – p Let X: Number of successes Since we are talking about success and failure It is a Bernoulli trial So, X has a binomial distribution Here, n = number of trials = 6 p = Probability of success q = Probability of failure = 1 – p We need to probability that there will be at least 4 successes i.e. P(X ≥ 4) P(X ≥ 4) = P(X = 4) + P(X = 5) + P(X = 6) = 6C4(2/3)^4 (1/3)^(6−4)+"6C5" (2/3)^5 (1/3)^(6−5)+"6C6" (2/3)^6 (1/3)^(6−6) = 6C4(2/3)^4 (1/3)^2+"6C5" (2/3)^5 (1/3)^1+"6C6" (2/3)^6 (1/3)^0 = 15 × (2/3)^4 (1/3)^2+"6" (2/3)^5 (1/3)^1+"1" (2/3)^6 × 1 = (2/3)^4 ("15 × " (1/3)^2+"6" (2/3)(1/3)+(2/3)^2 ) = (2/3)^4 (15/9+12/9+4/9) = 𝟑𝟏/𝟗 (𝟐/𝟑)^𝟒

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.