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Misc 2 - Chapter 13 Class 12 Probability - Part 3

Misc 2 - Chapter 13 Class 12 Probability - Part 4

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Misc 2 A couple has two children, (ii) Find the probability that both children are females, if it is known that the elder child is a femaleHere, S = {(b, b) ,(b, g),(g, b), (g, g)} A We need to find the probability that both children are females, if from that the elder child is a female. Let E : both children are females F : elder child is a female We need to find P(E|F) E : both children are females E = {(g, g)} P(E) = 1/4 F : elder child is a female F = {(g, b), (g, g)} P(F) = 2/4=1/2 Also, E "∩" F = {(g, g)} So, P(E "∩" F) = 1/4 Now, P(E|F) = (𝑃(𝐸 ∩ 𝐹))/(𝑃(𝐹)) = (1/4)/(1/2) = 1/2

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Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.