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Example 8 Show that the function f : Nā†’ N, given by f (x) = 2x, is one-one but not onto. Given, f(x) = 2x One-One f (x1) = 2x1 f (x2) = 2x2 Putting f(x1) = f(x2) 2x1 = 2 x2 x1 = x2. Hence, if f(x1) = f(x2) , x1 = x2 function f is one-one Onto f(x) = 2x Let f(x) = y , such that y āˆˆ N 2x = y x = š‘¦/2 If y = 1 x = 1/2 = 0.5 , which is not possible as x āˆˆ N Hence, f is not onto

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.