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Last updated at Jan. 28, 2020 by Teachoo

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Ex 1.2, 8 (Introduction) Let A and B be sets. Show that f: A × B → B × A such that f(a, b) = (b, a) is bijective function. Taking example Let A = {1, 2}, B = {3, 4, 5} A × B = { (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5) } f(1, 3) = (3, 1) f(1, 4) = (4, 1) f(1, 5) = (5, 1) f(2, 3) = (3, 2) f(2, 4) = (4, 2) f(2, 5) = (4, 1) B × A = { (3, 1), (3, 2), (4, 1), (4, 2), (5, 1), (5, 2) } Ex 1.2, 8 Let A and B be sets. Show that f: A × B → B × A such that f (a, b) = (b, a) is bijective function. f(a, b) = (b, a). We can say that f(x) = (b, a). where x = (a, b) Checking one-one(injective) f (x1) = (b1, a1) f (x2) = (b2, a2) Rough One-one Steps: 1. Calculate f(x1) 2. Calculate f(x2) 3. Putting f(x1) = f(x2) we have to prove x1 = x2 Putting f (x1) = f (x2) ⇒ (b1, a1) = (b2, a2) Hence, b1 = b2 & a1 = a2 Now, since a1 = a2 & b1 = b2 We can say that, (a1, b1) = (a2, b2) Hence, if f(x1) = f(x2) , then x1 = x2 Hence, f is one-one Check onto f: A × B → B × A f(a, b) = (b, a) f(x) = (b, a) Let y = (b, a) Now, for every (b, a) ∈ B × A, there exists (a, b) ∈ A × B, such that f(x) = y This is possible for all a ∈ A, and b ∈ B ∴ f is onto. Hence, f is one-one and onto i.e. bijective.

To prove one-one & onto (injective, surjective, bijective)

One One function

Onto function

One One and Onto functions (Bijective functions)

Example 7

Example 8

Example 9

Example 11 Important

Misc 5

Ex 1.2, 5 Important

Ex 1.2 , 6

Example 10

Ex 1.2, 1

Ex 1.2, 12

Ex 1.2 , 2 Important

Ex 1.2 , 7

Ex 1.2 , 11

Example 12 Important

Ex 1.2 , 9

Ex 1.2 , 3

Ex 1.2 , 4

Example 50

Example 51 Important

Ex 1.2 , 10 Important

Misc. 4 Important

Example 13 Important

Example 14 Important

Ex 1.2 , 8 Important You are here

Example 46 Important

Misc 10 Important

Chapter 1 Class 12 Relation and Functions

Concept wise

- Relations - Definition
- Empty and Universal Relation
- To prove relation reflexive, transitive, symmetric and equivalent
- Finding number of relations
- Function - Definition
- To prove one-one & onto (injective, surjective, bijective)
- Composite functions
- Composite functions and one-one onto
- Finding Inverse
- Inverse of function: Proof questions
- Binary Operations - Definition
- Whether binary commutative/associative or not
- Binary operations: Identity element
- Binary operations: Inverse

About the Author

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.