Ex 1.2 , 8 - Chapter 1 Class 12 Relation and Functions
Last updated at April 16, 2024 by Teachoo
To prove one-one & onto (injective, surjective, bijective)
Onto function
One One and Onto functions (Bijective functions)
Example 7
Example 8 Important
Example 9
Example 11 Important
Misc 2
Ex 1.2, 5 Important
Ex 1.2 , 6 Important
Example 10
Ex 1.2, 1
Ex 1.2, 12 (MCQ)
Ex 1.2, 2 (i) Important
Ex 1.2, 7 (i)
Ex 1.2 , 11 (MCQ) Important
Example 12 Important
Ex 1.2 , 9
Ex 1.2 , 3
Ex 1.2 , 4
Example 25
Example 26 Important
Ex 1.2 , 10 Important
Misc 1 Important
Example 13 Important
Example 14 Important
Ex 1.2 , 8 Important You are here
Example 22 Important
Misc 4 Important
To prove one-one & onto (injective, surjective, bijective)
Last updated at April 16, 2024 by Teachoo
Ex 1.2, 8 (Introduction) Let A and B be sets. Show that f: A × B → B × A such that f(a, b) = (b, a) is bijective function. Taking example Let A = {1, 2}, B = {3, 4, 5} A × B = { (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5) } f(1, 3) = (3, 1) f(1, 4) = (4, 1) f(1, 5) = (5, 1) f(2, 3) = (3, 2) f(2, 4) = (4, 2) f(2, 5) = (4, 1) All elements of B × A B × A = { (3, 1), (3, 2), (4, 1), (4, 2), (5, 1), (5, 2) } Ex 1.2, 8 Let A and B be sets. Show that f: A × B → B × A such that f (a, b) = (b, a) is bijective function. f(a, b) = (b, a). We can say that f(x) = (b, a). where x = (a, b) Checking one-one(injective) f (x1) = (b1, a1) f (x2) = (b2, a2) Rough One-one Steps: 1. Calculate f(x1) 2. Calculate f(x2) 3. Putting f(x1) = f(x2) we have to prove x1 = x2 Putting f (x1) = f (x2) (b1, a1) = (b2, a2) Hence, b1 = b2 & a1 = a2 Now, since a1 = a2 & b1 = b2 We can say that, (a1, b1) = (a2, b2) Hence, if f(x1) = f(x2) , then x1 = x2 Hence, f is one-one Check onto f: A × B → B × A f(a, b) = (b, a) f(x) = (b, a) Let y = (b, a) Now, for every (b, a) ∈ B × A, there exists (a, b) ∈ A × B, such that f(x) = y This is possible for all a ∈ A, and b ∈ B ∴ f is onto. Hence, f is one-one and onto i.e. bijective.