What is the meaning of decentralisation? Explain any four provisions that have been made towards decentralisation in India after the Constitutional Amendment in 1992.

 

Answer:

Points to Remember 

Decentralization means delegation of power among the subunits . The powers of Central and State governments are delegated to local governments.

Provisions after constitutional amendment in 1992-

  1. Regular elections for the local govt bodies.
  2. Reservations for SC, ST, and OBCs.
  3. Women representation through one third of reserved positions.
  4. Creation of State Election Commission .
  5. Resource allocation to the third tier .

Answer to be written in exam

Decentralisation means taking away all power from the Central and State government and delegating it to a third level i.e. local government. The fundamental idea of    decentralization is that many issues and problems are best resolved locally.

Provisions that have been made towards  decentralisation in India after the Constitutional  Amendment in 1992-

  1. Regular elections for local government bodies are now required by the constitution.
  2. Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and OBCs.
  3. One-third of all positions are reserved for women.
  4. Each state has established a separate organisation called the State Election Commission (SEC) to oversee panchayat and municipal elections.
  5. The state government now is required to allocate its resources and authority to the local governments.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.