• Majoritarianism is the idea that the majority group should have the freedom to govern a nation however it pleases, oblivious to the needs and desires of the minority.
  • Sinhala supremacy was imposed as soon as Sri Lanka gained its independence in 1948.

Majoritarian Measures adopted to establish the Sinhala Supremacy

  • Sinhalese was declared as the official language of the country by passing an Act in 1956- thus, clearly ignoring the Tamil linguistic group.
  • Formulated preferential policy that favored Sinhala-speaking people in all government jobs and educational institutions.
  • The new constitution affirmed the primacy of Sinhala and further promoted and safeguarded Buddhism.

Effect of the Measures- 

Effects of majoritarian in sri lanka - Teachoo.png

  • Feeling of alienation among Sri-Lankan Tamils as a result of repressive majoritarian measures.
  • Tamils in Sri Lanka felt that the country's administration, which is dominated by the Sinhala language, discriminated against them in terms of employment possibilities and political rights. 
  • None of the political parties showed any r egard for their language and culture.
  • Relations between Sinhala and Tamil communities strained over time.
  • The Tamils' repeated requests for more autonomy for the T amil-populated provinces were rejected.  
  • Several political organizations were established by the 1980s, calling for the creation of an i ndependent Tamil Eelam (state) in Sri Lanka's north and east. 
  • Widespread fighting resulting from the mistrust between the two communities continued, leading to a Civil War- Within a nation, a violent fight between opposing parties that intensifies to the point where it resembles a war.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.