Compare the situation of Belgium and Sri  Lanka considering their location, size and cultural aspects.


Points to Remember


  1. Location- Belgium is located in Europe , whereas Sri Lanka is located in South Asia .
  2. Size- Belgium has a population of little over one  crore, whereas Sri Lanka has a population of almost 2 crores.
  3. Cultural aspects-
  1.   Language- 

In Belgium, 59 percent of people living in the Flemish region speak the Dutch language, 40 percent of people living in the Wallonia region speak French , and the remaining 1 percent of Belgian people speak German. 
In Sri Lanka , 74 percent population is Sinhalese speakers and 18 percent are Tamil speakers. 

b. Ethnic Communities- 

In Belgium, the French-speaking community is relatively rich and powerful . In Belgium, Dutch-speaking people are in the minority .


In Sri Lanka,  Sinhalese-speaking people are Buddhist and powerful and the Tamils remain in minority.   

Answer to be written in the exam


  1. Location- Belgium is a small country in Europe.  It shares borders with France , the Netherlands,  Germany, and Luxembourg .  
  2. Size- It has a population of a little over one crore .
  3. Ethnic composition-   The ethnic composition of this small country is very complex. 
    •  Of the country’s total population, 59 percent live in the Flemish region and speak the Dutch language. 
    • Another 40 percent of people live in the Wallonia region and speak French . The remaining 1 percent of the Belgians speak German
    • In the capital city Brussels , 80 percent of people speak French while 20 percent are Dutch-speaking. 
    • The minority French-speaking community was relatively rich and powerful.
    • Brussels presented a unique problem : the Dutch-speaking people constituted a majority in the country, but a minority in the capital .


  1. Location- Sri Lanka is an island nation, just a few kilometers off the southern coast of Tamil Nadu.
  2. Size-   It has about 2 crore people.
  3. Ethnic Composition- 
    • The major social groups are the Sinhala speakers (74 percent) and the Tamil-speakers (18 per cent) .
    •  Among Tamils there are two subgroups . Tamil natives of the country are called ‘Sri Lankan Tamils’ (13 per cent)
    • The rest, whose forefathers came from India as plantation workers during the colonial period, are called ‘Indian Tamils’
    •   Sri Lankan Tamils are concentrated in the north and east of the country. Most of the Sinhala-speaking people are Buddhist , while most of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims.  
    • There are about 7 percent of Christians , who are both Tamil and Sinhala.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.