• Belgium is a small European country with an area less than the state of Haryana. 
  • It shares borders with France, Netherlands, Germany, and Luxembourg.  
  • With a population of about 2 crores, Sri Lanka is an island country just a few kilometers off the southern coast of Tamil Nadu .                                                                                  

Ethnic Composition Of Belgium

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Meaning Of Ethnic-

The term “Ethnic” refers to the segregation and division of people into various communities based on certain characteristics . These could include- similarities in physical traits, culture, and traditions, rituals, etc. The ethnicity of an individual is not related to the same religion or nationality. 

Belgium’s Composition-

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  • Belgium has a complex demographic composition due to the merger of several ethnicities.
  • The Flemish portion of the country is home to 59% of the nation's total population, who speak Dutch. French is the native language of an additional 40% of residents in Wallonia. German is still s poken by the remaining 1% of Belgians.
  • Brussels, the capital city constitutes a majority of French speaker s totaling to 80 percent of the total population while the r emaining 20 percent constitute Dutch speaking.

The tension between ethnicities- French and Dutch:

  • The Dutch-speaking population, which was the majority nationwide but a minority in the capital, provided a unique challenge in Brussels.
  • French-speaking people made up a small minority but were comparatively wealthy and influential. The Dutch-speaking community , which benefited much later from economic growth and educational opportunities, felt resentful of this. The Dutch-speaking and French-speaking populations became tense as a result, especially in the capital during the 1950s and 1960s.

Ethnic Composition Of Sri Lanka

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  • With a population of about 2 crores, Sri Lanka is an island country just a few kilometers off the southern coast of Tamil Nadu . Of the various social groups, the Sinhala speakers and Tamil speakers, form two major ethnic groups.
  • Tamil s are divided into two subgroups : Sri Lankan Tamils , who are native to the nation (13%), and Indian Tamils , whose ancestors immigrated to Sri Lank a as plantation laborers during the colonial era.
  • Religion- Most of the Sinhalese speakers are Buddhists , while most of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims .
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.