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Example 7 - Find equal sets A = {0} B = {x: x > 15 and x < 5}

Example 7 - Chapter 1 Class 11 Sets - Part 2
Example 7 - Chapter 1 Class 11 Sets - Part 3

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Example 7 Find the pairs of equal sets, if any, give reasons: A = {0}, B = {x : x > 15 and x < 5}, C = {x : x – 5 = 0 }, D = {x: x2 = 25}, E = {x : x is an integral positive root of the equation x2 – 2x –15 = 0}. Let’s write all the sets in roster form A = {0} A = {0} B = {x : x > 15 and x < 5}, No number can be greater than 15 and less than 5 simultaneously. B = {} = Φ C = {x : x – 5 = 0} x – 5 = 0 , x = 5 . So, C = {5} D = {x: x2 = 25} x2 = 25 x = ±5 So, D = { +5, −5} E = {x : x is an integral positive root of the equation x2 – 2x –15 = 0}. x2 – 2x −15 =0 x2 – 5x + 3x – 15 =0 x(x – 5) + 3 (x – 5) = 0 (x − 5) (x + 3) = 0 x = 5 , −3 Since x is positive E = {5} Thus, A = {0} B = { } C = {5} D = { +5,-5} E = { 5} Therefore only C = E, as there elements are exactly the same

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.