Check sibling questions

Example 5 - Match roster form with set-builder - Chapter 1 Sets

Example 5 - Chapter 1 Class 11 Sets - Part 2
Example 5 - Chapter 1 Class 11 Sets - Part 3
Example 5 - Chapter 1 Class 11 Sets - Part 4

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Example 5 Match each of the set on the left described in the roster form with the same set on the right described in the set-builder form : (i) {P, R, I, N, C, A, L} (a) { x : x is a positive integer and is a divisor of 18} (ii) { 0 } (b) { x : x is an integer and x2 – 9 =0 } (iii) {1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18} (c) {x : x is an integer and x + 1= 1} (iv) {3, –3} (d) {x : x is a letter of the word PRINCIPAL} { x : x is a positive integer and is a divisor of 18} 1, 2 ,3, 6, 9, 18 are all divisors of 18 So, (iii) matches (a). (i) {P, R, I, N, C, A, L} (a) { x : x is a positive integer and is a divisor of 18} (ii) { 0 } (b) { x : x is an integer and x2 – 9 =0 } (iii) {1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18} (c) {x : x is an integer and x + 1= 1} (iv) {3, –3} (d) {x : x is a letter of the word PRINCIPAL} { x : x is an integer and x2 – 9 =0 } x2 – 9 = 0 ∴ x = 3, –3 So, (iv) matches (b). (i) {P, R, I, N, C, A, L} (a) { x : x is a positive integer and is a divisor of 18} (ii) { 0 } (b) { x : x is an integer and x2 – 9 =0 } (iii) {1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18} (c) {x : x is an integer and x + 1= 1} (iv) {3, –3} (d) {x : x is a letter of the word PRINCIPAL} {x : x is an integer and x + 1= 1} x + 1 = 1 ∴ x = 0 So, (ii) matches (c) (i) {P, R, I, N, C, A, L} (a) { x : x is a positive integer and is a divisor of 18} (ii) { 0 } (b) { x : x is an integer and x2 – 9 =0 } (iii) {1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18} (c) {x : x is an integer and x + 1= 1} (iv) {3, –3} (d) {x : x is a letter of the word PRINCIPAL} {x : x is a letter of the word PRINCIPAL} There are 9 letters in the word PRINCIPAL and two letters P and I are repeated, So, (i) matches (d)

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.