Check sibling questions

What is Human Development Index?

It is an index which measures achievement in different areas of human development like

Long and Healthy life

Knowledge

Decent Standard of living

Slide23.JPG

 

What are Different Human Development Indicators?

In this case, we measure following:

Indicators Meaning
Life Expectancy No of Years Person is expected to live
Mean Years of Schooling No of years a person has attended school
Gross National income per Capita Income per Person
People below Poverty Line No of Persons earning below Poverty limit of $3.2 per day
Infant Morality Rate No of children who die at birth
Maternal Mortality Rate No of women who die at child birth
Population with atleast Basic Sanitation Availability of Sanitation Facilities like Toilet
Population with atleast Basic Drinking Water Availability of clean drinking water to live
Percentage of undernourished Children No of Children who do not get sufficent nutrients required for growth

 

Note 

On certain Indicators, Higher the Better

On Others, Lower the better

Slide24.JPG



How do India, Pakistan and China Rank on Various Human Development Indicators?

China Perform better than India and Pakistan on almost all Human Development Indicators

Example

China has higher Human Development Index Rank and Value

It also has higher Per capital income, higher life expectancy and higher mean years of schooling

It also has lower Infant and Maternal Mortality Rate and Percentage of undernourished Children

It is also better than India and Pakistan in Basic Sanitation and Clean Drinking Water

 

Slide25.JPG

Slide26.JPG

Slide27.JPG

 

In which Human Development Indicator Pakistan ranks better than India?

Pakistan ranks better than India in India Pakistan

Persons Below Poverty Line 60.40% 46.4

 

international Poverty Rate is 3.2 dollars a day

Those earning below this are called Living below Poverty line

Pakistan has lesser no of People below poverty line compared to india

It means Pakistan has been successful in reducing poverty as compared to India

However, it is still much less than China

 

 

Are the measurement of Human Development Indicators sufficent to measure human development?

No, they are not sufficient

They do not measure participation in social and democratic decision making of country

Example - China is not a democratic country and there is one Party Rule

Hence, people do not have fundamental rights like electing their own governments

This is not measured by Human Development Index

 

What are Liberty Indicators?

It refers to those indicators which represent the degree of civil or political freedom of citizens of country

It measures participation in social and democratic decision making of country

It measures how much safeguards have been given in constitution to

Protect fundamental rights of Citizen

Independence of Judiciary

 

How do China India Pakistan perform on Liberty Indicators?

India is much higher than both Pakistan and China on liberty indicators

In India,

There is freedom to protest, freedom to practice one's religon and independent judiciary

India also has solid democracy where elections are held regularly and governemnt of different political parties is formed

 

In China

there is one Party Rule

Hence, people do not have fundamental rights like electing their own governments

 

 

In Pakistan

There is democracy and governemnt are elected regularly

But there have been miltary coups in Pakistan where military have forcefully taken over the governments

 

Summary

China is better in Human Development Indicators but lacks in Liberty Indicators

India performs much better in Liberty indicators but have work to do in Human Development Indicators

Pakistan has performed better than India in reducing no of people below poverty line but lacks on other fronts

 

Slide29.JPG

 

NCERT Questions

Question 10

Mention the various indicators of human development.

View Answer

 

Question 11

Define the liberty indicator.

Give some examples of liberty indicators

View Answer

Learn Intergation from Davneet Sir - Live lectures starting soon!


Transcript

Human Development Index Improvement of life of people Statistical tool It is a Statistical tool which measures achievement in areas of human development like Long and Healthy Life, Knowledge, Decent Standard of living All these are important for Improvement of life of people Different Human Development Indicators Long and Healthy Life Life Expectancy No of Years Person is expected to live Infant Mortality Rate No of children who die at birth Maternal Mortality Rate No of women who die during child birth Percentage of Undernourished Children No of Children who do not get sufficient nutrients Knowledge Mean Years of Schooling No of years a person has attended school Decent Standard of living Gross National income per Capita Income per Person Population with atleast Basic Sanitation facilities Availability of Sanitation Facilities like Toilet Population with atleast Basic Drinking after Availability of clean drinking water Long and Healthy Life Comparison – India, China and Pakistan in HDI Life Expectancy India 69.4 China Pakistan 67.1 Higher the better Infant Mortality Rate 29.9 8.5 57.2 Lower the better Maternal Mortality Rate Percentage of Undernourished Children Lower the better China has better health facilities so has better life expectancy and lower mortality Rate compared to India and Pakistan Knowledge and Education Comparison – India, China and Pakistan in HDI India China Pakistan Knowledge Mean Years of Schooling 6.5 7.9 5.2 Higher the better China has better education facilities compared to India and Pakistan What is the Human Development Index and Rank of India, Pakistan and China? Human Development Index Value India China Pakistan 0.647 0.758 0.560 Rank in World 129 85 152 China has better Rank than India and Pakistan However, they are still not in Top 20 Nations of Worked Summary It means lot of work still required to be done in all 3 nations for Human Development Which Country is better to Live? China Advantage Higher Income Better Living Standards India Disadvantage Lower Income Lower living Standards Disadvantage No Democracy, One Party One Rule No Right to protest of Citizens No Independent Judiciary Advantage Democratic Country - Different Political Parties and Elections Constitutional Protection of Fundamental Rights of Citizens Independent Judiciary to protect people's Right China is better in Human Development Indicators but lacks in Liberty Indicators India performs much better in Liberty indicators but have work to do in Human Development Indicators These are Human Development Indicators These are Liberty Indicators

CA Maninder Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

Made by

CA Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 12 years and a teacher from the past 16 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo