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Example 15 - A motor boat whose speed is 18 km/h in still - Solving by quadratic formula - Equation to be formed

Example 15 - Chapter 4 Class 10 Quadratic Equations - Part 2
Example 15 - Chapter 4 Class 10 Quadratic Equations - Part 3 Example 15 - Chapter 4 Class 10 Quadratic Equations - Part 4 Example 15 - Chapter 4 Class 10 Quadratic Equations - Part 5

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Example 15 A motor boat whose speed is 18 km/h in still water takes 1 hour more to go 24 km upstream than to return downstream to the same spot. Find the speed of the stream. Given that speed of the boat = 18 km/ hr. Let the speed of the stream = x km / hr. Given that Time taken upstream is 1 hour more than time taken downstream Time upstream = Time downstream + 1 24/((18 − 𝑥)) = 24/((18 + 𝑥)) + 1 24/((18 − 𝑥)) – 24/((18 + 𝑥)) = 1 (24(18 + 𝑥) − 24(18 − 𝑥))/((18 − 𝑥)(18 + 𝑥)) = 1 24((18 + 𝑥) − (18 − 𝑥))/((18 − 𝑥)(18 + 𝑥)) = 1 24(18 + 𝑥 − 18 + 𝑥)/((18 − 𝑥)(18 + 𝑥)) = 1 24(2𝑥)/((18 − 𝑥)(18 + 𝑥)) = 1 48𝑥/((18 − 𝑥)(18 + 𝑥)) = 1 48x = (18 – x) (18 + x) 48x = 182 – x2 48x = 324 – x2 x2 + 48x – 324 = 0 Comparing equation with ax2 + bx + c = 0, Here a = 1, b = 48, c = –324 We know that D = b2 – 4ac D = (48)2 – 4 × 1 × (–324) D = 2304 + 4 × 324 D = 2304 + 1296 D = 3600 So, the roots to equation are x = (−𝑏 ± √𝐷)/2𝑎 Putting values x = (−(48) ± √3600)/(2 × 1) x = (− 48 ± √(60 × 60))/(2 × 1) x = (− 48 ± 60)/2 Solving So, x = 6 & x = – 54 Since, x is the speed , so it cannot be negative So, x = 6 is the solution of the equation Therefore, speed of the stream (x) = 6 km /hr.

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.