Last updated at Dec. 7, 2020 by
Transcript
Example 15 A motor boat whose speed is 18 km/h in still water takes 1 hour more to go 24 km upstream than to return downstream to the same spot. Find the speed of the stream. Given that speed of the boat = 18 km/ hr. Let the speed of the stream = x km / hr. Given that Time taken upstream is 1 hour more than time taken downstream Time upstream = Time downstream + 1 24/((18 − 𝑥)) = 24/((18 + 𝑥)) + 1 24/((18 − 𝑥)) – 24/((18 + 𝑥)) = 1 (24(18 + 𝑥) − 24(18 − 𝑥))/((18 − 𝑥)(18 + 𝑥)) = 1 24((18 + 𝑥) − (18 − 𝑥))/((18 − 𝑥)(18 + 𝑥)) = 1 24(18 + 𝑥 − 18 + 𝑥)/((18 − 𝑥)(18 + 𝑥)) = 1 24(2𝑥)/((18 − 𝑥)(18 + 𝑥)) = 1 48𝑥/((18 − 𝑥)(18 + 𝑥)) = 1 48x = (18 – x) (18 + x) 48x = 182 – x2 48x = 324 – x2 x2 + 48x – 324 = 0 Comparing equation with ax2 + bx + c = 0, Here a = 1, b = 48, c = –324 We know that D = b2 – 4ac D = (48)2 – 4 × 1 × (–324) D = 2304 + 4 × 324 D = 2304 + 1296 D = 3600 So, the roots to equation are x = (−𝑏 ± √𝐷)/2𝑎 Putting values x = (−(48) ± √3600)/(2 × 1) x = (− 48 ± √(60 × 60))/(2 × 1) x = (− 48 ± 60)/2 Solving So, x = 6 & x = – 54 Since, x is the speed , so it cannot be negative So, x = 6 is the solution of the equation Therefore, speed of the stream (x) = 6 km /hr.
Examples
Example 1 (ii)
Example 2 Important
Example 3
Example 4
Example 5 Important
Example 6
Example 7 Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams
Example 8 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams
Example 9 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams
Example 10
Example 11
Example 12 Important
Example 13 (i)
Example 13 (ii) Important
Example 13 (iii)
Example 14 (i)
Example 14 (ii)
Example 15 Important You are here
Example 16
Example 17 Important
Example 18
Examples
About the Author