What will happen if we kill all the organisms in one trophic level?



The killing of an organism in a food chain can lead to an imbalance in the food chain and ultimately in the functioning of the whole biosphere.


For example, let’s consider the food chain of Carrot/Grass (Producer), Rabbit (Primary Consumer) and Wolf (Secondary Consumer)



If the producer is removed

If all the producers are removed, then all the rabbits which feed on the carrot would starve to death. 

Hence, all the food chains containing rabbits would be affected.

The death of all the rabbits would also affect the wolves, whose food is gone.

Now they may look for other prey and hence disturb other food chains. Or they may die due to starvation


If the primary consumer is removed

If all the rabbits(primary consumers) are removed, the food of the wolves will be gone.

Hence, some of the wolves might die out of starvation.

This can affect other food chains which involve wolves.

Some wolves might as well look for other prey as food, and hence disturb other food chains.


If the tertiary consumer is removed

If the wolves (tertiary consumers), are removed, then the population of rabbits would increase.

This would lead to an increase in consumption of producers (grass) and a time would come when the producers would get finished and the fertile land will turn barren.

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Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 13 years and a teacher from the past 17 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo