What is the work done by the force of gravity on a satellite moving round the earth? Justify your answer.

Answer

Work done by body Moving in Circular Direction.png

 

Work is done when

  1. Force is applied
  2. Displacement takes place
  3. The angle between the force and displacement is not 90 ° .

 

In case of the earth and a satellite,

Force experienced is gravitational force, which is towards the center along the radius

And displacement is along the tangent.

 

Since tangent is always perpendicular to the radius

Therefore, angle between force and the displacement is 90 degrees.

Hence, no work is done

  1. Class 9
  2. Chapter 11 Class 9 - Work and Energy

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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.